Daily news - 31st May 2017

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31st May - World No Tobacco Day


UK news

What if the therapist ... is also the jailer?

Poses the dilemma for treatment staff who may also be (seen as) working for authorities whose main role is to control the ‘client’ or who could remove their children. Explores whether exceptional abilities are needed in these situations, and invites you to ‘stress test’ a proposed universal rule: The trickier the situation, the more the worker matters | Drug and Alcohol Findings, UK

Using the “recovery” and “rehabilitation” paradigms to support desistance of substance-involved offenders: exploration of dual and multi-focus interventions

The links between substance use and offending are well evidenced in the literature, and increasingly, substance misuse recovery is being seen as a central component of the process of rehabilitation from offending, with substance use identified as a key criminogenic risk factor. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the links between substance use and offending... | Emerald Insight, UK

Scottish National Party Manifesto Contains Nothing on Drugs

The SNP voted in favour of legalising medicinal cannabis at their party conference last October, however their manifesto includes no mention of cannabis (the word ‘drugs’ appearing only once: in the context of Brexit’s potential impact on the UK’s relationship with the European Medicines Agency…) | Volte Face, UK

For providers: Free webinar on apprenticeships in the drug and alcohol sector Friday 2nd June at 10:00 a.m

To find out all you need to know about the latest developments in apprenticeships in the drug and alcohol sector join our free webinar on Friday, 2nd June 2017 at 10 a.m. hosted by FDAP and delivered by Dr Scott Wildman, Director, Centre for Higher and Degree Apprenticeships, University of Kent. Duration 1 hour | SMMGP, UK

E-cigarettes in the workplace: an employer’s guide to vaping

In this good practice guide to e-cigarettes in the workplace, Sarah Silcox looks at the evidence on vaping, policy and practice, and the legal considerations | Personnel Today, UK

Father's describes his daughters descent into Spice use video

Derek Gibbs lost his daughter Kelly in January last year, after she’d smoked the drug Spice | BBC, UK

Can Someone Explain the Appeal of Ketamine?

The drug is undergoing something of a student-led renaissance, but why? Thump, UK

World No Tobacco Day - Lancashire smokers urged to quit

The NHS in Lancashire is urging people to use today's World No Tobacco Day as a catalyst to help improve their health and prolong their lives. Figures show that a fifth of county's population smoke which is higher than the national average | ITV, UK

Reach Out: Celebrating 10 Years

Developing Health & Independence (DHI) is celebrating ten years of Reach Out, a conference for the families and carers of those who misuse drugs and alcohol.  The FREE event will be held at Somerdale Pavilion, Keynsham, on 15th June, 1-5.15pm | DHI, UK

Tobacco production 'breaches human rights laws’

After completing a collaboration with multi-national tobacco giant Philip Morris International (PMI) to develop a “human rights implementation plan” for the company, the Danish Institute for Human Rights (DIHR) concluded that immediately stopping the sale and marketing of tobacco is the only way for tobacco companies to uphold basic human rights | On Medica, UK

Why Your Brain Craves Cigarettes When You Drink

You know the feeling. You're two, maybe three drinks in, and you suddenly get a special hunger. It's like a void that you hadn't noticed, and now you want to fill it with something hot | VICE, UK

Your smoking habit could kill the world's oceans – one butt at a time

Disposed cigarette butts pose a potential ecological risk to the aquatic environment | IBTimes, UK


International news

No global expanion of needle exchange schemes

Despite reports of expanding rates of injecting drug use in a new list of countries around the world, no new countries have established needle and syringe programmes in the last three years. This was one of the headline findings of an exhaustive review of the state of harm reduction services around the world conducted by international NGO Harm Reduction International last week | SDF, UK

America's fentanyl epidemic - 100 times stronger than heroin and now in Britain

[Free registration required] Morgan Gilman, a 21-year-old hotel maid, was driving 80mph on a motorway through New Hampshire when she overdosed on fentanyl, a killer drug 100 times more powerful than heroin | Telegraph, UK

Australia 'deserves better' than US-style drug testing of welfare recipients

Greens say overseas examples cited in support of Coalition policy include the US, where testing has been costly and ineffective | Guardian, UK

Valium recalled in Australia after packets tampered with

Warning over Roche’s 5mg tablets in 50-tablet blister packs after evidence pills were swapped out for other medication | Guardian, UK

Healthy Harold: Nostalgia helps save Australia's drug-fighting giraffe

For many Australians, an anti-drug message delivered by a puppet - or sometimes animatronic - giraffe remains a key memory from their childhoods | BBC, UK

Police officers take selfie with drunk man in bed so he can remember how he got home

Reece Park says his inebriated state was the result of a 'few beers that went badly' | Independent, UK

Harmful effects of smoking while pregnant revealed in new study

The impact of cigarette damage to unborn babies has been revealed in a new stem cell study | RTE, Ireland

Drug 100 times more potent than morphine being mixed with heroin and cocaine

Tony Duffin of Ana Liffey Drug Project says the trend is causing “great uncertainty and people are frightened” | Journal, Ireland

World No Tobacco Day 2017: Beating tobacco for health, prosperity, the environment and national development - 31st May

Action to stamp out tobacco use can help countries prevent millions of people falling ill and dying from tobacco-related disease, combat poverty and, according to a first-ever WHO report, reduce large-scale environmental degradation | WHO, Switzerland

Attitudes of Europeans towards tobacco and electronic cigarettes. Special Eurobarometer 458 (PDF)

Tobacco consumption remains the largest avoidable health risk in the European Union, and is responsible for 700,000 deaths each year. Around 50% of smokers die prematurely, resulting in the loss of an average of 14 years of life. In addition, smokers are also more likely to suffer a range of illnesses because of their tobacco use, including cardiovascular and respiratory diseases | European Commission, Belgium

Increasing the price of tobacco by 5% reduces consumption by 3.5%

In a 30-year-old study conducted by social medicine expert Michael Kunze into pricing policy and tobacco consumption, it was found that increasing prices by only 1 percent reduces consumption by 0.5 percent. Under the guidance of the MedUni Vienna smoking expert, diploma student Richard Felsinger has completed an analysis of pricing policy for the years 1997 to 2015 | Medical Xpress, USA

JGU chemists develop technique that reduces toxic effects of cigarettes

Natural defense mechanism simulated with the help of nanoparticles / Noxious effects of smoke reduced | News Medical, USA

A Look at the Future of Vaping Technology

When vaping first became popular, it was seen as a temporary trend that would disappear shortly after, similar to the previous one-hit wonders before it. Today, vaporizers are still among the most sought after items and have millions of users (and fans) around the world. Vaping has definitely become a part of the mainstream lifestyle | Times Square Chronicles, USA

Study: Ketamine doesn't affect delirium or pain after surgery

Ketamine is used increasingly during surgery to reduce pain during recovery; A recent study questioned the efficacy of this common practice | EurekAlert, USA

Opioid abuse following urologic surgery documented

About 1 in 1,111 patients who undergo urologic surgery experience opioid dependence or overdose, a study has found. Patients at highest risk were younger, underwent inpatient surgery, had longer hospital stays, were on Medicaid or Medicare or had a history of depression or COPD | Science Daily, USA

Nitrous Oxide Poses Fresh Threat to the Arctic

As permafrost thaws, emissions of this potent greenhouse gas increase | Scientific American , USA

Canada Figured Out How to Win the Drug War

On May 12, Lucie Charlebois, Québec’s minister of public health, proudly announced that two centers where people would be able to inject illicit drugs under a nurse’s supervision would soon open in Montreal. “I’m containing my emotions,” Charlebois exclaimed | Slate, Canada

Australian methamphetamine user outcomes (PDF)

The overall costs of serious and organised crime related illicit drug activity were estimated to be around $4.4b in 2013–14 (ACC 2015). This cost estimate takes into account health impacts of illicit drug use, money lost to the economy through international payments for illicit drug importation and lost output of drug users | Australian Government, Australia

Where can I find trusted evidence-based information about the drug ice? Cracks in the Ice virtual tour

Free Webinar - register here. This webinar will provide attendees with information on recent trends in use of the drug ice in Australia, and introduces a new online toolkit providing evidence-based information for the Australian community | Australian Government, Australia

Roadside drug testing convictions up 300 per cent in NSW: report

The number of people charged with driving with illicit drugs in their system in NSW has risen 300 per cent following a concerted state government crackdown, according to a report from the state's crime statisticians | Age, Australia

Valium recalled after drug maker Roche discovers evidence of tampering

Patients across Australia are being warned to stop taking Valium after the drug's maker discovered evidence of tampering | SMH, Australia


Blogs, comment and opinion

SMMGP comments on the effects of disinvestment on the drug and alcohol treatment sector

In an opinion piece in the BMJ Professor Colin Drummond argues that cuts to services are a false economy | SMMGP Opinion, UK 

Alcohol and breast cancer – How big is the risk? ~ Report from the World Cancer Research Fund

‘Half a glass of wine a day increases breast cancer‘ was just one of the headlines this WCRF_main-150x150week, which discussed a report that reinforced the evidence that alcohol can increase a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer | UKCTAS Blog, UK

Millennials are less keen than previous generations on illicit drugs

They are taking up painkillers instead | Economist Blog, UK

Poll: Do you think that smoking real cigarettes should be banned on stage?

Last week, actors and stage managers refused to officially condemn smoking on stage, at Equity's Annual Representative Conference, claiming that the union should not "be making blanket statements about what is good for you and bad for you". This week we're asking: Do you think that smoking real cigarettes should be banned on stage? | Stage, UK

Column: '8 per cent of young people aged 10 to 17 smoke cigarettes'

We need smoking prevention efforts to ensure smoking rates continue to drop among all young people, writes Donal Buggy | Journal opinion, Ireland

New Zealand to have world’s first smoke-free military by 2020

New Zealand has kicked off World No Tobacco Day by announcing a plan for its defence force to become the world’s first smoke-free military by 2020 | BMJ Blog, New Zealand

Jarrod Gilbert: Drug tests are a needless barrier to jobs

I often write these columns in the evening while enjoying a drink. I'm lucky that my intoxicant of choice is legal. There are risks; I lost a computer to a red wine spill. Laptops don't enjoy a tipple as much as I do | NZ Herald, New Zealand