Daily news - 24th August 2018

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UK news

Fentanyl: safety recommendations for first responders

Evidence-based recommendations to protect first responders from exposure to fentanyl | PHE, UK

Cigarettes And Alcohol The Main Solutions As Eight Out Of 10 Hospitality Employees Feel Stress At Work

In a survey by luxury hospitality recruiter The Change Group of 246 people working in London’s top hospitality businesses, one in five workers cited smoking (23%) and alcohol (22%) as the main routes to relieving stress in the workplace. Eight out of 10 people surveyed said they had experienced stress at work | CLH, UK

‘Nearly half of us’ don’t know what responsible drinking is

Around 48% of adults in the UK don’t know that the recommended weekly alcohol limit is 14 units (yep, that’s for both men and women) | Metro, UK

Britain's smaller airfields 'vulnerable' to drug traffickers, NCA warns

Britain's small airfields are vulnerable to traffickers bringing in drugs, the National Crime Agency admitted, as four men were jailed for one of the largest-ever cocaine hauls | Telegraph, UK

Wigan man taken to hospital after e-cigarette explodes in trousers

A man was taken to hospital with burns to his legs and hands after an e-cigarette exploded in his trouser pocket as he sat at home with his family | BBC, UK

Stefflon Don music video forces Mill Hill School apology

A private school says it's seeking legal advice after getting complaints about a "highly inappropriate" music video filmed on its grounds | BBC, UK

HMP Lindholme Prison officer remanded over drugs charge

Victoria Sked, 26, of Station Road, Stainforth, near Doncaster, has been charged with conveying Class B drugs into HMP Lindholme in South Yorkshire | BBC, UK

Adam Walker: Wakefield Trinity prop given backdated 20-month drugs ban

Wakefield prop Adam Walker has been given a 20-month suspension from all sport for testing positive for cocaine after a Super League game last year | BBC, UK

Farnborough Airport cocaine: Four guilty of smuggling

Four men have been convicted of smuggling half a tonne of cocaine with a street value of more than £41m into the UK on a private jet | BBC, UK


International news

Alcohol use and burden for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016

Alcohol use is a leading risk factor for death and disability, but its overall association with health remains complex given the possible protective effects of moderate alcohol consumption on some conditions | The Lancet

No alcohol safe to drink, global study confirms

A large new global study published in the Lancet has confirmed previous research which has shown that there is no safe level of alcohol consumption | BBC, UK

British women now among top drinkers in the world 

British women are now among the world's biggest drinkers - matching men drink for drink, a major global study published in The Lancet reveals | Telegraph, UK

Tobacco industry’s elaborate attempts to control a global track and trace system and fundamentally undermine the Illicit Trade Protocol

[Open access] The Illicit Trade Protocol (ITP) requires a global track and trace system to reduce tobacco smuggling. Given the tobacco industry’s historical involvement in tobacco smuggling, it stipulates that T&T ‘shall not be performed by or delegated to the tobacco industry’ | BMJ, UK

Firms stop kid-friendly packaged e-cigarette liquids sales after FDA push

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration said on Thursday that all 17 companies that were warned by the regulator have stopped marketing e-cigarette liquids packaged similar to child-friendly products such as juice boxes, candy or cookies | Reuters, UK

Map: Drug Decriminalisation Around the World

Where in the world is personal drug possession decriminalised? | Talking Drugs, UK

Ben Affleck 'enters rehab for alcohol addiction'

Actor Ben Affleck has entered rehab for alcohol addiction for a third time, according to reports in the US | BBC, UK

Canada’s ‘Good Samaritan’ Act Not Doing Enough to Reduce Overdoses

Canada introduced the Good Samaritan Drug Overdose Act to provide legal protection for individuals who seek emergency help during an overdose, but people are still fearful of arrest | Talking Drugs, UK

Drug tunnel ran from abandoned KFC restaurant in Arizona to Mexico home

Federal authorities have discovered a sophisticated drug-smuggling tunnel that went from a home in Mexico to an abandoned KFC restaurant in Arizona | Telegraph, UK

Trends in smoking initiation in Europe over 40 years: A retrospective cohort study

Tobacco consumption is the largest avoidable health risk. Understanding changes of smoking over time and across populations is crucial to implementing health policies. We evaluated trends in smoking initiation between 1970 and 2009 in random samples of European populations | PLOS One, Italy

Risk of heart attacks is double for daily e-cigarette users

New analysis shows five-fold risk for people who use both cigarettes and e-cigarettes daily | Science Daily, USA

Friends who are former smokers are key to helping people with serious mental illness quit

People with serious mental illness (SMI) have a reduced life expectancy of up to 25 years compared to the general population. Smoking is one of the primary reasons for this disparity | EurekAlert, USA

Men who consume alcohol during adolescence are more likely to have prostate cancer

Bottom Line: Compared with non-drinkers, men who consumed at least seven drinks per week during adolescence (ages 15-19) had three times the odds of being diagnosed with clinically significant prostate cancer | News Medical, USA

At what age do kids start smoking cigarettes?

Cigarette smoking may be declining worldwide, but tobacco use is still responsible for the deaths of about 6 million people globally each year, according to the World Health Organization | CNN, USA

How big a problem is heavy cannabis use?

Annie Lowrey has a well-thought-out piece about cannabis use disorder in The Atlantic. In my view, this is the most under-covered topic in the debate about whether – and, more importantly how – legalize cannabis | Samefacts.com, USA

We’re failing in the opioid crisis. A new study shows a more serious approach would save lives

The opioid epidemic is the deadliest drug overdose crisis in US history — on track to kill more people over the next decade than currently live in entire American cities like Miami or Baltimore | Vox, USA

Opioid, amphetamine, and cocaine-induced deaths in Australia: August 2018

Each year, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) makes available to Drug Trends in-depth data on drug-induced deaths in Australia. This year, we have produced a suite of products to summarise trends in opioid-, amphetamine-, and cocaine-induced deaths in Australia from 1997 to 2016 | NDARC, Australia


Blogs, comment and opinion

Drinking responsibly is bad news for the alcohol industry – here’s why

Alcohol producers and retailers have long argued that their goal is a world where everyone drinks responsibly and heavy drinking is a thing of the past. As a result, the alcohol industry claims to be part of the solution to the UK’s drink problem rather than part of the problem. In our latest research, published in Addiction, we examine the credibility of this claim | Conversation, UK

Is Cannabidiol (CBD) an effective antipsychotic?

Cannabis has been used as a medicine for at least 5,000 years (Bridgeman & Abazia, 2017). But it has been prohibited in the UK since the 1920s | Mental Elf blog, UK

Big Tobacco is consistently overstating black market in cigarettes – new finding

What’s the size of the black market in tobacco and who is behind it? These questions have dogged governments, public health advocates, researchers and the tobacco industry for years. The world’s biggest tobacco companies spend millions on research to produce answers – commissioning reports which often conclude that the trade in illicit tobacco is on the rise | Conversation, UK

The social context of drug abuse

Cocaine deaths need to be understood in the context of austerity, writes Woody Caan – while a group of NGO leaders argue that development policy must take account of the disastrous impact of the ‘war on drugs’ | Guardian letters, UK

Hepatitis C and Homelessness – improving access to treatment

People experiencing homelessness are thought to be 50 times more likely to be chronically infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), yet only 3% will receive treatment | Homeless Link blog, UK

Using design to help more people access talking therapies

Acknowledging how we feel and seeking help isn’t easy. Finding our way around services can sometimes make it even harder. In this context, helping more people to access ‘talking’ therapies (like CBT and counselling) could be life saving | Medium blog, UK

Sky’s the limit – how do you manage drunk passengers on planes?

Ally Murphy recalls her cabin crew days when she had to deal with alcohol fuelled incidents on long-haul flights | IAS blog, UK

Kofi Annan’s legacy to the drug policy reform movement - a clarion call for legalisation and regulation

Transform was deeply saddened to note the passing of Kofi Annan (8 April 1938 – 18 August 2018), former Secretary General of the UN (1997 - 2006), and former Commissioner on the Global Commission for Drug Policy Reform. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001 | Transform blog, UK

When New Yorkers Turned On

Eight years ago I developed a keen interest in the social history of psychedelic drug use and ended up starting a PhD thesis on the history of LSD use in New York City | Points blog, UK