Daily news - 13th June 2019

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UK news

Alcohol’s harm to others

An evidence review of the harm caused by alcohol to the people around those who are drinking | PHE, UK

News story - ACMD: avoid Friday prison release to prevent drug relapse and deaths

Prison services could reduce drug-related harms by avoiding releasing vulnerable prisoners on a Friday, the ACMD has today advised the Home Secretary | ACMD, UK

ACMD report: Custody-community transitions

Report from the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD) on how to reduce drug-related harms that occur when people move between custody and the community | ACMD, UK

Alcohol licensing: data for public health teams

Updated spreadsheet to include additional data items | PHE, UK

Parents’ lenient attitudes towards drinking linked to greater alcohol use among children

Children are more likely to start drinking alcohol, drink more frequently and get drunk if their parents have a lenient attitude towards drinking, finds a study from researchers at the University of Cambridge and the University of East Anglia | University of Cambridge, UK

Parents want limits on alcohol advertising – survey

The majority of parents want alcohol advertising limited to certain times of the day in order to protect their children, a survey suggests | ITV, UK

Exploring pathways through and beyond alcohol treatment among Polish women and men in a London Borough

Most participants in this study sought help for problematic drinking only after experiencing significant health problems or other negative life events (e.g. homelessness) | Alcohol Change UK, UK

'Absurd' that magic mushrooms and MDMA are class A drugs, expert tells MPs

Government urged to declare a 'public health crisis' as opioid overdose deaths hit record levels amid cuts to treatment services, experts say | Independent, UK

Boris Johnson refuses to say if he has taken cocaine, despite previous admissions

Boris Johnson has dodged questions over whether he has used cocaine, despite previous admissions that he had taken the drug when he was at university | Independent, UK

'I smuggled cannabis oil to help my son'

Former police officer Lisa Quarrell never imagined she would break the law - but this year she began smuggling a cannabis product into Scotland | BBC, UK

Can cannabis treatments save my child?

BBC Scotland's Disclosure programme has followed mums travelling to Holland to get drugs they believe can make a huge difference to epilepsy seizures suffered by their sons | BBC, UK

New Durham Chief Constable: We should 'help, not criminalise' drug users

Durham Constabulary's new Chief Constable has told ITV News Tyne Tees the police should 'help, not criminalise' addicted drug users | ITV, UK

Why fears over smartphone 'addiction' are based on flawed evidence

The UK Parliament's Science and Technology Committee recently held an inquiry into social media use including the effects of screen time on the health of young people. But Dr David Ellis of Lancaster University and Brittany Davidson from The University of Bath say official policy should not solely rely on existing studies using self reports | Science Daily, UK

'Hostile' Manchester shisha cafe closed down by council

A "hostile" shisha cafe where council inspectors were "threatened" after it broke the law on smoking has become the first to be closed down in Manchester | BBC, UK

Essex drug raids: Dawn operation in Brentwood sees multiple arrests

Sixteen suspected drug dealers have been arrested in dawn raids targeting suppliers of cocaine. Around 80 officers, along with specialist dog units, were involved in 20 raids across Brentwood, Essex | BBC, UK

Carl Maynard's family 'shocked' over police station drugs death

The family of a man who died in police custody from high levels of cocaine say they feel "shocked" officers were not using body cameras as he was arrested | BBC, UK


International news

Ending the ‘war on drugs’ requires justice for the impoverished communities who grow them

Amidst media furore over illicit drug use, Tory leadership favourite Boris Johnson dodged questions today over past drug use, whilst the wheels of Michael Gove’s campaign for the premiership are careering to a halt. Eight of the eleven candidates have admitted to some form of drug consumption, from Hunt’s cannabis infused lassi, to Rory Stewart’s opium smoking in Iran | Open Democracy, UK

Earliest known signs of cannabis smoking unearthed in China

Incense burners found at 2,500-year-old cemetery suggest intentional use of to get high | Guardian, UK

Premarket Tobacco Product Applications for Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) - Guidance

Guidance for manufacturers submitting new tobacco product applications through the premarket tobacco product application (PMTA) pathway for electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), such as e-cigarettes or "vapes," and the liquid nicotine and nicotine-containing e-liquids used with such products, as part of the agency's continued commitment to its oversight of tobacco products | FDA, USA

Attention at all ages: A recent, rapid increase in opioid treatment among older adults

Opioid use disorder (OUD) affects people of all ages, including those struggling with addiction later in life. Older adults are vulnerable to opioid problems due increased prevalence of risk factors including depression, chronic pain, and greater rates of opioid prescription, making this population important to study | BASIS, USA

New method produces opiate antidotes using microorganism found in opium poppy waste

Overdose from opiates has skyrocketed. According to the National Center for Health Statistics, on average, 130 Americans die every day from an opioid overdose | News Medical, USA

Formation of habitual use drives cannabis addiction

Individual differences in brain systems for habitual behavior distinguish heavy cannabis users who develop an addiction | EurekAlert, USA

Nevada Is the First State to Ban Employer Drug Tests for Weed

It's the first step towards protecting people who are using a legal drug | VICE, USA

Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015

38% of the burden could have been prevented by removing exposure to risk factors such as tobacco use, overweight and obesity, and dietary risks | AIHW, Australia


Blogs, comment and opinion

New evidence on alcohol-related harm to people other than the drinker

We all know about the harmful effects of alcohol to the drinker. However, evidence is emerging for the harm caused by the drinker to their families, co-workers, the community and society | PHE blog, UK

Five things we did to help more people carry naloxone

Putting naloxone at the forefront of everything we do has saved lives | Addaction, UK

David Oliver: Doctors with drink problems deserve help

On Victoria Derbyshire’s BBC Radio 5 show in 2011, a report on alcoholism featured a live on-air conversation with an anaesthetic trainee using the pseudonym of Rachel, who had contacted the show. She was in great distress, brought to her knees by alcohol addiction. While awaiting a taxi to residential rehabilitation she opened another can on air, hoping to stave off withdrawal | BMJ, UK

Drinking alcohol at conception shown to harm rats – new study

Drinking alcohol while pregnant can have a devastating impact on the developing baby, leading to poor cognition and behaviour. Alcohol is also known to increase the risk of miscarriages, stillbirth and other placental complications | Conversation, UK