Reports June 2017



National Drug Strategy Household Survey (NDSHS) 2016 key findings

The 2016 NDSHS show that younger people (aged under 30) were smoking less, drinking less and using fewer illicit drugs in 2016 than in 2001. However, for people in their 40s, 50s and 60s, there was little to no change in drug usage behaviours over this period but their use of some drugs has increased between 2013 and 2016. Media Release | AIHW, Australia

Police diversion for cannabis offences: Assessing outcomes and cost-effectiveness

olice diversion is widely utilised as an intervention for minor cannabis offending in Australia. This study compared the cost-effectiveness and outcomes of three kinds of diversions—cautions, expiation and warnings—with the traditional criminal justice system response of charging the offender | AIC, Australia

Drug treatment in Ireland 2009-2015

In this seven-year period 61,439 cases were treated for problem drug use (excluding alcohol). The number of cases rose from 7,479 in 2009 to 9,892 in 2015 | HRB, Ireland

UK General Election 2017: Where do the parties stand on drug policy? (PDF)

On the 8th June, the United Kingdom goes to the polls for a second general election in under two years. Following the EU referendum last June, the issue of Brexit continues to dominate the campaign discourse, with security also front and centre since the recent terrorist attacks in London and Manchester. Important - yet less eye-catching - issues have taken a back seat in the campaign, including the issue of drugs policy | GDPO, UK

European Drug Report 2017

What do the latest data tell us about the European drug market? What are the new trends in drug use among European adults and school students? What are the harms associated with drug use and what is being done to counter them? These and other questions are explored in the 2017 European Drug Report, our annual overview of the drug situation in Europe | EMCDDA, Portugal

European Drug Report 2017: trends and developments in Europe's drug situation - video

What do the latest data tell us about the European drug market? What are the new trends in drug use among European adults and school students? What are the harms associated with drug use and what is being done to counter them? These and other questions will be explored by the EU drugs agency (EMCDDA) on 6 June in its annual overview of the European drug situation | EMCDDA, Portugal

Perspectives on drugs: Drug consumption rooms: an overview of provision and evidence

Supervised drug consumption facilities, where illicit drugs can be used under the supervision of trained staff, have been operating in Europe for the last three decades. These facilities primarily aim to reduce the acute risks of disease transmission through unhygienic injecting, prevent drug-related overdose deaths and connect high-risk drug users with addiction treatment and other health and social services | EMCDDA, Portugal

Changes in Europe’s cannabis resin market (Perspectives on drugs)

The European market for hashish is currently one of the world’s largest and most profitable. About 647 tonnes of cannabis herb and 641 tonnes of hashish were consumed in the Euroean Union in 2013 and the retail market has an overall value estimated conservatively to be about EUR 9.3 billion in 2013. This analysis describes how the supply of cannabis resin in Europe is changing in response to competition and other market developments | EMCDDA, Portugal

Wastewater analysis and drugs — a European multi-city study (Perspectives on drugs)

The findings of the largest European project to date in the emerging science of wastewater analysis are taken up in this ‘Perspective on drugs’. The project in question analysed wastewater in over 60 European cities and towns (hereinafter referred to as ‘cities’) to explore the drug-taking habits of those who live in them | EMCDDA, Portugal

Preventing overdose deaths in Europe (Perspectives on drugs)

It is estimated that over 70 000 lives were lost to drug overdoses in Europe in the first decade of the twenty-first century. Reducing drug-related deaths therefore remains a major challenge for public health policy. This analysis describes some of the factors that increase the risk of fatal and non-fatal overdoses and a number of interventions developed to prevent these events | EMCDDA, Portugal

Synthetic cannabinoids in Europe (Perspectives on drugs)

Synthetic cannabinoids represent the largest group of substances currently monitored in Europe by the EMCCDA through the EU Early Warning System. Current knowledge on these substances and trends in production, availability, use and harms are presented in this analysis | EMCDDA, Portugal

High-risk drug use and new psychoactive substances

This report provides a first look at the emergence of more problematic forms of use of new psychoactive substances among a range of demographic groups, including opioid and amphetamine injectors, prisoners, the homeless and men who have sex with men. It explores, in particular, the use of synthetic cathinones, synthetic cannabinoids and new synthetic opioids, as well as related harms and responses | EMCDDA, Portugal

Let festival-goers and clubbers test their drugs to reduce harm

As the summer festival season begins, RSPH is calling on all music festivals where drug use is common to provide safety testing facilities as standard | RSPH, UK

Safeguarding Adult Review: Carol (PDF)

This Safeguarding Adult Review (SAR) was initiated in 2015 by Teeswide Safeguarding Adults Board (TSAB) following the death of a 39-year-old woman, who for the purposes of this report will be called Carol. Carol was attacked and murdered in her home during the early hours of 8 th to 9 th December 2014. She was discovered dead at home by her landlord on the morning of 9 th December 2014. Two teenage girls, aged 13 and 14, were arrested for Carol’s murder | TSAB, UK

Statistics on Smoking, England - 2017 [NS]

This statistical report presents a range of information on smoking which is drawn together from a variety of sources. The report aims to present a broad picture of health issues relating to smoking in England and covers topics such as smoking prevalence, habits, behaviours and attitudes among adults and school children, smoking-related ill health and mortality and smoking-related costs | NHS Digital, UK

Adult smoking habits in the UK: 2016

Cigarette smoking among adults including the proportion of people who smoke, their demographic breakdowns, changes over time, and e-cigarettes | ONS, UK

Local tobacco control profiles for England: June 2017 data update

The Local Tobacco Control Profiles for England quarterly data update for June 2017 | PHE, UK

Youth tobacco product use, including e-cigarettes, drops during 2015-2016

The number of middle and high school students who say they are current tobacco users – defined as having used a tobacco product in the past 30 days – dropped from 4.7 million in 2015 to 3.9 million in 2016, according to new data... | CDC, USA

Methiopropamine: a review of the evidence of use and harm

A review of the evidence of use and harm of Methiopropamine (MPA) by the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD) | ACMD, UK

Drinkaware in 2017: impact and engagement ten years on?

It's been a while since we last reported on activities undertaken by Drinkaware, the industry-funded alcohol awareness charity which aims to 'help people make better choices about their drinking' | Alcohol Policy, UK

Scotland's alcohol problem persists

NHS Health Scotland has today published the latest data on Scotland’s relationship with alcohol. The report, Monitoring and Evaluating Scotland’s Alcohol Strategy: Monitoring Report 2017, brings together data on alcohol retail sales, price and affordability, self-reported alcohol consumption and alcohol-related deaths, hospital admissions and social harms | NHS Health Scotland, UK

"It's not just about recovery" The Right Turn Veteran-Specific Recovery Service Evaluation Final Report (PDF)

Ex-military personnel who are recovering from alcohol and drug addiction are more likely to succeed in recovery through veteran specific services, new research has revealed | Sheffield Hallam University, UK

Older People with Drug Problems in Scotland: A Mixed Methods Study Exploring Health and Social Support Needs (PDF)

The population of problem drug users in Scotland is aging. This research was commissioned by the Scottish Government to provide a better understanding of the issues facing Older People with a Drug Problem (OPDP) in Scotland so that policy and practice can be targeted appropriately. The aim of the study was to identify and explore the health care and social support needs of older drug users (>35 years) in a cross sectional sample across Scotland | SDF, UKs

World Drug Report 2017: 29.5 million people globally suffer from drug use disorders, opioids the most harmful

In 2015 about a quarter of a billion people used drugs. Of these, around 29.5 million people - or 0.6 per cent of the global adult population - were engaged in problematic use and suffered from drug use disorders, including dependence | UNODC, USA

Financial Incentives for Alcohol Brief Interventions in Primary Care in Scotland (PDF)

This study aimed to provide an overview of the evidence for using remuneration systems for Alcohol Brief Interventions (ABIs) in primary care, to examine the availability of relevant data in Scotland and to explore the views of local and national stakeholders | SHAAP, UK

Safer Consumption Spaces in the United States: Uniting for a National Movement

Project Inform is pleased to release “Safer Consumption Spaces in the United States: Uniting for a National Movement.” This report stems from a think tank of the same name, held in Baltimore, MD on September 27-28, 2016, where a group of nearly 50 people who use drugs, advocates, policy experts and other public health and harm reduction workers gathered to discuss strategies for moving forward and bringing safer consumption spaces (SCS) to the United States | Project Inform, USA

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2015–16

In 2015–16, about 796 alcohol and other drug treatment services provided just over 206,600 treatment episodes to an estimated 134,000 clients. The top 4 drugs that led clients to seek treatment were alcohol (32% of treatment episodes), cannabis (23%), amphetamines (23%), and heroin (6%) | AIHW, Australia

MESAS monitoring report 2017

The Monitoring and Evaluating Scotland's Alcohol Strategy (MESAS) monitoring report 2017 brings together the latest available data on key alcohol indicators in Scotland. Supporting datasets and infographics that summarise the findings are available | NHS Health Scotland, UK

Consultation on the National Statistics definition of alcohol-related mortality

Office for National Statistics (ONS) reports annual trends on deaths associated with alcohol consumption using a National Statistics (NS) definition of alcohol-related deaths. ONS also use this definition to respond to Parliamentary Questions, and to the media and customer data requests | ONS, UK

An overview of lifestyles and wider characteristics linked to Healthy Life Expectancy in England: June 2017

Including sections on alcohol and smoking | ONS, UK

MESAS monitoring report 2017

The Monitoring and Evaluating Scotland's Alcohol Strategy (MESAS) monitoring report 2017 brings together the latest available data on key alcohol indicators in Scotland. Supporting datasets and infographics that summarise the findings are available | NHS Health Scotland, UK

Alcohol licensing: pilot of analytical support package

Updated guidnce. Findings from pilot of analytical support package for alcohol licensing, to support the role of public health teams in alcohol licensing | PHE, UK

No respect: Young BAME men, the police and stop and search (PDF)

The number of stop and searches carried out each year in England and Wales is in decline, but this decline has disproportionately favoured white people. While the overall number of searches has dropped from a high of 1.2 million to a low of 380,000 in 2015/16, BAME people collectively are now three times more likely than white people to be searched, up from twice as likely the year before | CJA, UK

Veterans need specific services to overcome addiction

The research, carried out by Sheffield Hallam University’s Helena Kennedy Centre for International Justice on behalf of the charity Addaction, and funded by the Forces in Mind Trust (FiMT), looked at the work of the Right Turn project, which has been developed to support veterans who are recovering from addiction and helping them reintegrate in to civilian life | Sheffield Chamber of Commerce, UK

UK Armed Forces veterans may be more at risk of developing problem gambling

In a new report released today (21 June) by Swansea University and funded by the Forces in Mind Trust (FiMT), preliminary findings suggest UK veterans may be at an increased risk of developing gambling problems than non-veterans, and that this vulnerability may be related to prior experience of traumatic events | Swansea University and FiMT, UK

Illicit Drug Data Report

Our Illicit Drug Data Report (IDDR) informs Australia’s understanding of the illicit drug threat | ACIC, Australia

Alcohol and cancer: knowing the risks (PDF)

Alcohol is a group 1 carcinogen and is linked to an increased risk of seven types of cancer. The latest alcohol consumption guidelines explain that there is no completely safe level of drinking, and therefore any amount of alcohol you drink increases your risk of developing cancer. But the less alcohol you drink, the lower the risk | AHA UK, UK





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