Reports September 2018

 

Crime, Drugs, and Power in Honduras: Searching for Better Measures of State Fragility (PDF)

This report argues that state ‘fragility’ metrics are inadequate. An increase in transparency and a call for new metrics are necessary to address entrenched elite corruption and organised crime in Honduras. In order to achieve these goals, donor countries must reconcile the political cost of promoting policies that address impunity and political protection against their own foreign policy agendas | GDPO, UK

Local Alcohol Profiles for England: September 2018 update

Update of one indicator in the Local Alcohol Profiles for England (LAPE) interactive tool on the number of licensed premises per square kilometre | PHE, UK

Opioid, amphetamine, and cocaine-induced deaths in Australia: August 2018

Each year, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) makes available to Drug Trends in-depth data on drug-induced deaths in Australia. This year, we have produced a suite of products to summarise trends in opioid-, amphetamine-, and cocaine-induced deaths in Australia from 1997 to 2016 | NDARC, Australia

Jumping through hoops: How are coordinated responses to multiple disadvantage meeting the needs of women? (PDF)

Across the country, local areas are developing better coordinated responses for individuals facing multiple disadvantage.  Many are part of the national MEAM Approach network or the Big Lottery Fund’s Fulfilling Lives programme. Press release | MEAM, UK

Drug health harms: national intelligence

Briefings based on presentations and discussion from the meeting of the national intelligence network on the health harms associated with drug use | PHE, UK

HealthTrends™ Drug Misuse in America 2018 (PDF)

Drug Misuse in America 2018, a Quest Diagnostics Health Trends™ report, presents findings from analysis of more than 3.9 million de-identified aggregated clinical drug monitoring tests performed by Quest Diagnostics on patients in all 50 states and the District of Columbia between 2011 and 2017 | Quest Diagnostics, USA

Alcohol and Drug Strategy

On the 6 September 2018 the Scottish Government published its draft alcohol and drugs strategy document 'All Together Now: our strategy to address the harms of alcohol and drugs in Scotland' for engagement and to seek the views and feedback from partners and stakeholders in the sector | Scottish Government, UK

Jumping through hoops: How are coordinated responses to multiple disadvantage meeting the needs of women? (PDF)

Across the country, local areas are developing better coordinated responses for individuals facing multiple disadvantage.  Many are part of the national MEAM Approach network or the Big Lottery Fund’s Fulfilling Lives programme. Press release | MEAM, UK

Monitoring the Future: National survey results on drug use 2017 Volume 1 - Secondary School Students (PDF)

Monitoring the Future is an ongoing study of the behaviors, attitudes, and values of American secondary school students, college students, and young adults. Each year, a total of approximately 50,000 8th, 10th and 12th grade students are surveyed | University of Michigan, USA

Monitoring the Future: National survey results on drug use 2017 Volume 2 - College Students & Adults Ages 19–55 (PDF)

Monitoring the Future is an ongoing study of the behaviors, attitudes, and values of American secondary school students, college students, and young adults. Each year, a total of approximately 50,000 8th, 10th and 12th grade students are surveyed | University of Michigan, USA

Monitoring the Future: National survey results on drug use 2017 Key findings on adolescent subtance use (PDF)

Annual marijuana prevalence rose by a significant 1.3 percentage points to 23.9% in 2017 based on data from the three grades combined  | University of Michigan, USA

Marijuana use continues to grow among baby boomers

Marijuana use is becoming more prevalent among middle-aged and older adults, with 9 percent of adults aged 50-64 and nearly 3 percent of adults 65 and older reporting marijuana use in the past year, according to a new study | Science Daily, USA

HealthTrends™ Drug Misuse in America 2018 (PDF)

Drug Misuse in America 2018, a Quest Diagnostics Health Trends™ report, presents findings from analysis of more than 3.9 million de-identified aggregated clinical drug monitoring tests performed by Quest Diagnostics on patients in all 50 states and the District of Columbia between 2011 and 2017 | Quest Diagnostics, USA

Best Practices across the Continuum of Care for the Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder (PDF)

This report, developed to inform Health Canada’s Federal, Provincial and Territorial Treatment Task Group, outlines the standard of service that should implemented to provide person-centred care to all people experiencing harms from opioids | CCSA, Canada

Report: India Must Decriminalise Drug Use to Address Punjab Crisis

A new report - From Addict to Convict: The Working of the NDPS Act in Punjab - has called on the Indian government to decriminalise drug use, primarily as a response to an ongoing health crisis among people who use drugs in the state of Punjab | Talking Drugs, UK

A Model Drug Law for West Africa

Drug laws in West Africa are not having the desired effects: neither drug use nor drug trafficking have been effectively reduced. Starting in 2014, the West Africa Commission on Drugs has called on governments in the region to change their laws | GCDP, USA

Pay 3p more for a beer, save lives: the Alcohol Treatment Levy

Increasing alcohol duties by 1% would raise around £100 million each year which, invested in alcohol treatment, could save the NHS and other public services around £300 million annually. This would equate to just 5p more for an average bottle of wine and 3p more for a pint of beer – yet would boost alcohol treatment budgets in England alone by 50% | Alcohol Concern blog, UK

Forward Trust: Social Impact Report (PDF)

Our mission is to empower people to break the cycle of crime and addiction and to achieve transformational change. Forward’s Theory of Change sets out a series of service pathways that our clients can follow to turn their lives around - covering drug and alcohol recovery, health and wellbeing, connections with family, friends and the wider world, employment and housing | Forward Trust, UK

The Children’s Inquiry

How effectively are the UK’s cannabis policies safeguarding young people? | Volte Face, UK

Health situation in the European region (PDF)

Tobacco smoking rates present a challenge for Europe as rates for the adult population are the highest of the six WHO regions though the figures varied between countries and age groups | WHO, Austria

Low-Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines Communications Toolkit

The Low-Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines Communications Toolkit will help increase awareness and start public discussions about drinking in moderation | CCSA, Canada

People who inject drugs: non-fatal overdose monitoring

Report on non-fatal overdose monitoring data collected from the unlinked anonymous monitoring survey of HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C in people who inject drugs | PHE, UK

Prevalence of drug use and gambling in Ireland & drug use in Northern Ireland. 2014/15 drug prevalence survey: polydrug and new psychoactive substances results. Bulletin 4 (PDF)

This bulletin presents findings regarding polydrug use and use of new psychoactive substances in Ireland from the fourth drug prevalence survey of households in Ireland and Northern Ireland. Within Ireland the survey sampled a representative number of people aged 15+ from August 2014 to August 2015. Part 1 of the bulletin presents prevalence rates and other relevant information regarding current polydrug use; that is, the use of more than one substance within the last month |  Department of Health, Ireland

Prevalence of drug use and gambling in Ireland & drug use in Northern Ireland. 2014/15 drug prevalence survey: prescription drug use results. Bulletin 5 (PDF)

This bulletin presents findings regarding the use of prescription drugs in Ireland from the fourth drug prevalence survey of households in Ireland and Northern Ireland. Within Ireland the survey sampled a representative number of people aged 15+ from August 2014 to August 2015 |  Department of Health, Ireland

Global status report on alcohol and health 2018

More than 3 million people died as a result of harmful use of alcohol in 2016, according a report released by the World Health Organization (WHO) today. This represents 1 in 20 deaths. More than three quarters of these deaths were among men. Overall, the harmful use of alcohol causes more than 5% of the global disease burden | WHO, Switzerland

Coca Crops in Colombia at all-time high, UNODC Report finds

The area under coca cultivation in Colombia reached the highest ever recorded figure of 171,000 hectares (ha) in 2017, according to UNODC's Coca Cultivation Survey Report for Colombia, launched in Bogota today. This represents an increase of 25,000 hectares, or 17 per cent in 2017 compared to 2016 | UNODC, Austria

Our right to know: How alcohol labelling is failing consumers (2018)

The AHA has launched a new report following an audit of alcohol labels in August and September 2018. In total, we reviewed 320 labels in 12 different locations across the UK. The report shows that fewer than 10% of the 320 alcohol products surveyed carry the current low-risk weekly drinking guideline of 14 units a week | AHA, UK

National County Lines Coordination Centre to crack down on drug gangs

The law enforcement response to county lines is set to be significantly strengthened as the National County Lines Coordination Centre becomes fully operational | Home Office, UK

Health matters: Stopping smoking - what works?

Smoking quitting routes and the evidence for their effectiveness, including the evidence on e-cigarettes | PHE, UK

When could overweight and obesity overtake smoking as the biggest cause of cancer? (PDF)

While smoking rates have been falling, the proportion of the UK population who are overweight or obese has risen. And if these trends continue, obesity looks set to overtake smoking as the biggest preventable cause of cancer at some point in the future. But when? | Cancer Research UK, UK

Regulation: The Responsible Control of Drugs (PDF)

This report examines in detail how governments can take control of currently illegal drug markets through responsible regulation, thereby weakening criminal organizations that now profit from them | GCDP, Switzerland

The Scottish health survey (PDF)

The survey provides us with an immensely valuable collection of data on cardiovascular disease and related risk factors including smoking, alcohol, diet, physical activity and obesity. Information on general health, mental health and dental health is also included | Scottish Government, UK

‘I Learned how to stay safe from drugs’: Pupils’ learning from a primary school-based drug education and prevention programme (PDF)

The School Based Drug Education and Prevention Project (SBDEPP) is a joint initiative of the Bray Drugs Awareness Forum and Crosscare Bray Youth Service; this report has been compiled on their behalf | Bray Drugs Awareness Forum and Crosscare Bray Youth & Information Service, Ireland

Adolescent alcohol-related behaviours: trends and inequalities in the WHO European Region, 2002–2014 (PDF)

Observations from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) WHO collaborative cross-national study | HSBC and WHO, Denmark

Drug policy and the sustainable development agenda (PDF)

The Sustainable Development Goals and Agenda 2030 are meant to be a transformational agenda to eradicate poverty, achieve gender equity or save the planet through their implementation. This implementation, based on coherent public policies, is still lacking at the national, regional and international levels. This is most visible in drug policy, where voices from health, human rights and science call for reform, while most countries continue to privilege ideology through law-enforcement and militarization | GCDP, Switzerland

Youth Drinking in Decline

This report launches a new four-year study funded by the Wellcome Trust, which aims to examine the patterns and causes of the decline in youth drinking. In this first publication, we bring together data from two long-running, nationally-representative surveys, the 1988-2016 Smoking Drinking and Drug Use amongst Young People in England surveys (SDD) and the 2001-2016 Health Surveys for England (HSE), to present the most comprehensive picture to date of the downturn in alcohol use among young people aged 8 to 24 | University of Sheffield, UK

Report on the risk assessment of 2-methoxy-N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]acetamide (methoxyacetylfentanyl) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances

This publication presents the data and findings of the risk assessment on 2-methoxy-N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]acetamide (methoxyacetylfentanyl), carried out by the extended Scientific Committee of the EMCDDA on 21 March 2018. On the basis of the Risk Assessment Report — and on the initiative of the European Commission — on 27 September 2018, the Council decided that methoxyacetylfentanyl should be subject to control measures across the Member States | EMCDDA, Portugal

Report on the risk assessment of N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]cyclopropanecarboxamide (cyclopropylfentanyl) in the framework of the Council Decision on new psychoactive substances

This publication presents the data and findings of the risk assessment on N-phenyl-N-[1-(2-phenylethyl)piperidin-4-yl]cyclopropanecarboxamide (cyclopropylfentanyl), carried out by the extended Scientific Committee of the EMCDDA on 21 March 2018. On the basis of the Risk Assessment Report — and on the initiative of the European Commission — on 27 September 2018, the Council decided that cyclopropylfentanyl should be subject to control measures across the Member States | EMCDDA, Portugal

Is Decriminalisation Enough? Drug User Community Voices from Portugal

This is the first community-driven evaluation of the outcomes of Portugal’s decriminalisation of people who use drugs. Introduced in 2001, Portugal’s model of decriminalisation has been hugely influential and is frequently referred to as an example of legislative reform that has improved public health, social order, and the health and wellbeing of people who use drugs | INPUD, UK

Talking pot with youth (PDF)

This guide will help you understand the youth perspective on what makes an effective youth ally | CCSA, Canada

Pakistan’s HIV Epidemic and the Need for Prison-Based Harm Reduction Programmes (PDF)

Pakistan is advancing towards a public health crisis with an estimated 133,529 people having contracted HIV/AIDS. Problematically, ‘the primary mode of HIV [and Hepatitis B and C] transmission in Pakistan continues to be the use of ontaminated injection equipment among people who inject drugs’ (PWID) | GDPO, UK

WHO launches SAFER alcohol control initiative to prevent and reduce alcohol-related death and disability

WHO-led initiative and action package aim to support global target of reducing harmful use of alcohol by 10% by 2025 | WHO, USA

 

 

 

 

 

 

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