Reports August 2019


Minimum Unit Pricing Evaluation - Compliance study

This study looks at the Minimum Unit Pricing (MUP) for alcohol that came into effect in Scotland in 2018. It specifically relates to issues around compliance from the point of view of those with responsibility for inspection and enforcement of MUP in licensed premises | NHS Health Scotland, UK

After the Grand Opening: Assessing Cannabis Supply and Demand in Washington State

This report provides detailed information about state-legal cannabis production and sales in Washington, as well as insights about the total amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) obtained from legal and illegal sources by Washington residents | RAND Corporation, USA

Urban–rural Differences in Drug Overdose Death Rates, by Sex, Age, and Type of Drugs Involved, 2017

The age-adjusted rate of drug overdose deaths was higher in urban than in rural counties (22.0 and 20.0 per 100,000, respectively) | CDC, USA

Review of approaches taken in Ireland and in other jurisdictions to simple possession drug offences. A report for the Irish Department of Justice and Equality and the Department of Health (PDF)

This report reviewed approaches taken in Ireland and nine other jurisdictions to simple possession drug offences with the aim of identifying alternative approach options that would be possible in the Irish context and the advantages and disadvantages of each | UNSW Australia and University of Kent, UK and Australia

Deaths registered in England and Wales: 2018

Mortality statistics on deaths registered in England and Wales by age-group, sex and underlying cause of death and by other selected information collected at the time of registration | ONS, UK

Substance misuse: January to March 2019

Quarterly data are published on StatsWales. These include data on quarterly activity, case closures by reason for closure and the time between referral and start of treatment | Welsh Government, UK

NHS smoking cessation services: January to March 2019

4,640 Welsh resident smokers were treated by smoking cessation services. 0.96% of the estimated smoking population of Wales made a quit attempt via smoking cessation services. 1,971 (42.48%) Welsh resident treated smokers were CO-validated as successfully quitting at 4 weeks post quit date | Welsh Government, UK

Local Alcohol Profiles for England: short statistical commentary, August 2019

New data has been added to the Local Alcohol Profiles for England (LAPE) tool on the Fingertips platform. The following indicators have been updated and are available at Local Authority level as well as for England, the regions, and various inequality groups: incidence rate of alcohol-related cancer and number of premises licensed to sell alcohol per square kilometre | PHE, UK

Barriers to accessing cannabis-based products for medicinal use on NHS prescription Findings and Recommendations (PDF)

This review was aimed at addressing the following question: Where they exist, what are the barriers to patients accessing cannabis-based products for medicinal use within the NHS where they are clinically appropriate for the patient, and how might these barriers be overcome? | NHS England and NHS Improvement, UK

Cannabis-based medicinal products

This guideline covers prescribing of cannabis-based medicinal products for people with intractable nausea and vomiting, chronic pain, spasticity and severe treatment-resistant epilepsy | NICE, UK

The Emergence of New Psychoactive Substance (NPS) Benzodiazepines. A Survey of their Prevalence in Opioid Substitution Patients using LC-MS (PDF)

Benzodiazepine prescription and use is common in the addiction population. Of significance we found evidence of consumption of an illicit new psychoactive benzodiazepine, Etizolam | Irish Medical Journal, Ireland

Cannabis and Mental Health Priorities for research in Canada (PDF)

A new report created by UCalgary researchers for the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC), examines the scope of cannabis and mental health research, looking at published literature to assess what’s known, what the focus of research has been, and what areas researchers can follow up on in the future | University of Calgary, Canada

Alcohol interventions in secondary and further education

This guideline covers interventions in secondary and further education to prevent and reduce alcohol use among children and young people aged 11 up to and including 18. It also covers people aged 11 to 25 with special educational needs or disabilities in full-time education. It will also be relevant to children aged 11 in year 6 of primary school | NICE, UK

Embedding public health in Coventry’s licensing policy statement

A review of Coventry City Council's statement of licensing policy (SLP) benefits from considering public health and health equality issues | PHE, UK

Middle-aged generation most likely to die by suicide and drug poisoning

Now in their 40s and 50s, the so-called Generation X are dying in greater numbers by suicide or drug poisoning than any other age group | ONS, UK

2017-18 Drug Trend report

Today we launch our latest drug trend report covering 2017 to 2018. We have included information about the most commonly used drugs in Scotland, emerging trends and have provided context to the recently released drug-related death statistics | Crew, UK

The Cost and Consequences of the War on Drugs (PDF)

HRF launched an in-depth study to connect the dots between drug policy and human rights violations. We wanted to understand the mechanisms that link drug prohibition to the horrific violence, disappearances, health problems, and destabilization affecting states along the drug supply chain | HRF, USA

Scotland's Population 2018 - The Registrar General's Annual Review of Demographic Trends (PDF)

Includes data on alcohol related deaths | National Records of Scotland, UK

Deaths related to drug poisoning in England and Wales: 2018 registrations

Deaths related to drug poisoning in England and Wales from 1993 onwards, by cause of death, sex, age and substances involved in the death | ONS, UK

People who inject drugs: HIV and viral hepatitis monitoring

Updated with 2008 to 2018 data and Health Protection Report 13(29) | PHE, UK

Responding to Drug Use with Kindness, Compassion and Hope (PDF)

The Dundee Partnership has taken delivery of the findings of the Dundee Drugs Commission. This specialist panel was set up by the partnership, which is made up of all the key agencies in the city, as a response to the increasing number of drug-related deaths in the city | Dundee City Council, UK

What America's Users Spend on Illegal Drugs, 2006–2016

 This report updates and extends estimates of the number of users, retail expenditures, and amount consumed from 2006 to 2016 for cocaine (including crack), heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamine in the United States, based on a methodology developed by the RAND Corporation for the Office of National Drug Control Policy. The report also includes a discussion of what additional types of data would help quantify the scale of these markets in the future, including the new types of information produced by the legalization of marijuana at the state level | RAND, USA

Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use among Young People in England 2018

This report contains results from a biennial survey of secondary school pupils in England in years 7 to 11 (mostly aged 11 to 15), focusing on smoking, drinking and drug use. It covers a range of topics including prevalence, habits, attitudes, and for the first time in 2018, wellbeing | NHS Digital, UK

New research explores the use of New Psychoactive Substances by young people

New research into New Psychoactive Substances (NPS) - formerly referred to as ‘legal highs’ - provides new evidence about why young people were attracted to the drugs, and the health and social risks associated with taking them | NIHR, UK

Unlinked Anonymous Monitoring (UAM) Survey of HIV and viral hepatitis among PWID: 2019 report (PDF)

An ageing cohort of people who inject drugs (PWID) is evident from the Unlinked Anonymous Monitoring (UAM) survey, with the mean age increasing from 34 years in 2008 to 40 years in 2018. This is consistent with an ageing cohort of PWID observed in other data sources nationally and internationally | PHE, UK

Reports and Detailed Tables From the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)

NSDUH’s latest annual report focuses on substance use and mental health in the United States based on NSDUH data from 2018 and earlier years. The annual report presents estimates that meet the criteria for statistical precision and facilitate stable examination of trends over time to study changes in society and emerging issues | SAMHSA, USA

Get an up-to-date overview of new and emerging drug-related health harms

Read Public Health England’s summary of the latest intelligence and clinical messaging on new and emerging drug-related health harms. The information included in the ‘dashboard’ summary comes from a range of intelligence sources (including the Report Illicit Drug Reactions national pilot) and aims to support frontline practitioners, service providers and other stakeholders in responding to new and emerging drug-related health harms.  Practitioners can also report adverse reactions to illicit drugs via RIDR | PHE, UK

Latest UNODC Monitoring Report shows decline of coca cultivation in Bolivia

In 2018, the cultivation of coca crops in Bolivia decreased by six per cent compared to data from 2017, according to the latest Coca Cultivation Survey presented today in La Paz by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Government of the Plurinational State of Bolivia. The cultivated surface decreased by 1,400 hectares, from 24,500 hectares in 2017 to 23,100 hectares in 2018 | UNODC, USA

Hepatitis C interventions by organisations providing harm reduction services in Europe – analysis and examples (PDF)

[From July] The aim of this project was to identify and select good practice examples in the field of HCV awareness, testing, access to treatment and care for PWUD in harm reduction and community settings in Europe20 and to offer service providers, social and health professionals and policy makers relevant information with which to encourage the development of new HCV interventions for PWUD, or to improve existing ones | Correlation – European Harm Reduction Network, Netherlands

National intelligence network on drug health harms briefing: August 2019

This briefing is based on a meeting of the national intelligence network (NIN) on the health harms associated with drug use. The NIN is made up of representatives from drug treatment services, local authority public health and commissioning teams and national professional and membership bodies | PHE, UK

Report on the 2nd ACT GTM Pill Testing Pilot: a Harm Reduction Service

No matter how strong our desire for people not to use drugs or our efforts at education and prevention, people will continue to use drugs. This is not to undervalue drug education and prevention programs, but rather to be realistic about their impact and the evidence of their effectiveness, particularly in the long-term | Pill Testing Australia, Australia

Australia’s annual overdose report 2019

The continued growth in unintentional overdose deaths is linked to highly potent drugs, many of which are available through prescription, such as pharmaceutical opioids and benzodiazepines. Illegal drugs such as heroin and stimulants including crystal methamphetamine (‘ice’) also contribute to a significant number of fatalities | Penington Institute, Australia

Victorian Drug Trends 2018: Patterns of drug use in the Victorian Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS) Interviews

This year, we have provided a summary report highlighting the key trends from the IDRS interviews conducted in Victoria | NDARC, Australia

Reported Road Casualties in Great Britain, final estimates involving illegal alcohol levels: 2017

Final estimates for personal injury drink-drive accidents in Great Britain for 2017 | DoT, UK

Road to recovery: Addiction in our society – the case for reform (PDF)

We are clear that no one should be left behind on the road to recovery. Effectively funded and commissioned services, targeted at helping people fully recover from dependence, is crucial to delivering this | CJS, UK

8th European Alcohol Policy Conference (8EAPC) Report (PDF)

On behalf of SHAAP (Scottish Health Action on Alcohol Problems) and Eurocare (The European Alcohol Policy Alliance) we are delighted to publish this summary of discussions that took place during the 8th European Alcohol Policy Conference (8EAPC) at the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, Scotland, on 20th and 21st November 2018 | SHAAP and Eurocare, UK

Status report on alcohol consumption, harm and policy responses in 30 European countries 2019 (PDF)

This report uses data gathered from 2010 to 2016, shows that over 290,000 people lose their life in Europe per year from alcohol-attributable causes, and urges stronger policy action by countries to help reduce the numbers | WHO, Austria





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