Reports October 2019


Deaths of homeless people in England and Wales: 2018

Two in five deaths of homeless people were related to drug poisoning in 2018 (294 estimated deaths), and the number of deaths from this cause has increased by 55% since 2017 | ONS, UK

Alcohol policy impact case study: the effects of alcohol control measures on mortality and life expectancy in the Russian Federation (2019)

Alcohol consumption has long been recognized as one of the main driving factors of mortality in the Russian Federation, especially among men of working age. The introduction of various evidence-based alcohol control measures at the beginning of the 2000s resulted in a decrease in all-cause mortality, with the most pronounced relative changes occurring in causes of death that are causally linked to or closely associated with alcohol consumption | WHO, Denmark

New report shows increasing rate of opioid-related harm in Victoria

A growing number of Victorians are presenting to emergency departments due to pharmaceutical opioid-related harm, according to new data released by the Monash University Accident Research Centre (MUARC) | Monash University, Australia

Government response to ACMD report 'Ageing cohort of drug users'

The government welcomes the ACMD’s timely report the on the ageing cohort of drug users, which provides advice to the government on the changing age profile of people accessing drug treatment and the issues faced by this group in the UK | Department of Health & Social Care, UK

Smoking prevalence in young adults aged 18 to 34 years

[Updated] This document shows trends in smoking prevalence calculated from the Annual Population Survey for young adults age 18 to 34 years, by sex and region | PHE, UK

Stoptober 2018 campaign evaluation

Summary evaluation of Stoptober 2018 quit smoking health marketing campaign activity | PHE, UK

CMC Outlines Plans to Undertake a Comprehensive Review of Analytical Testing for the UK Cannabis Industry

Recent market research commissioned by CMC demonstrated that CBD and related cannabinoids are gaining rapid expansion in products aimed at wellness and medicinal markets. However, despite there being a growing body of analytical methods for the testing of cannabinoids and other compounds in these products, few have been validated using internationally accredited guidelines | CMC, UK

Flavored Tobacco Product Use Among Middle and High School Students — United States, 2014–2018

During 2014–2018, current use of flavored electronic cigarettes increased among high school students and during 2015–2018 among middle school students. During 2014–2018, current use of flavored hookah tobacco decreased among middle and high school students. Current use of other flavored tobacco products decreased among high school students but did not change among middle school students | CDC, USA

A Surge Strategy for Smokefree Aotearoa 2025 The role and regulation of vaping and other low-risk smokefree nicotine product s (PDF)

Today a report written by leading tobacco control experts outlines how the role and regulation of vaping and other low-risk smoke-free nicotine products can get Aoteoroa New Zealand to the 2025 target | ASH, New Zealand

HIV and people who inject drugs Monitoring implementation of the Dublin Declaration on partnership to fight HIV/AIDS in Europe and Central Asia: 2018 progress report (PDF)

This report presents the situation among people who inject drugs (PWID), a key group affected by HIV in the WHO European Region. As well as considering the picture for the overall European and Central Asian region, findings are presented by WHO sub-regions (West, Centre, and East) | ECDC, Switzerland

Afghanistan Protection of Civilians Special Report: Airstrikes on Alleged Drug-Processing Facilities (PDF)

This report examines the scope of civilian harm resulting from the United States Forces – Afghanistan 3 airstrikes on alleged drug facilities located in Bakwa district, Farah province, and parts of the bordering Delaram district, Nimroz province on 5 May 2019. The report sets out that drug facilities and associated workers may not be lawfully made the target of attack based on their possible economic or financial contribution to the war effort of a party to a conflict | United Nations Assistance Mission to Afghanistan (UNAMA) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), USA

Malaysia: Unfair trials, secretive hangings and petty drug convictions reveal ‘cruel injustice’ of the death penalty

Malaysia must start to fulfil its promise to abolish the death penalty in forthcoming legislation by ending its use for drug-related offences and eliminating the mandatory death sentence, Amnesty International said today, as it launches a new report to mark the World Day Against the Death Penalty | Amnesty International, UK

Alcohol duty cuts linked to 2,000 additional deaths in England

The report, Modelling the impact of alcohol duty policies since 2012 in England and Scotland, has found that recent reductions in alcohol duty have had a dramatic negative effect on public health | IAS, UK

Ombudsman disappointed at continued failure to implement agreed recommendations

Psychoactive substances (PS) continued to present a significant challenge to prisons. The report noted: “It is difficult to give an exact figure for the number of drug-related deaths…as the term covers such a range of circumstances | Prisons and Probation Ombudsman, UK

Non-nicotine e-cigarette liquids in Australia

Our report provides information about the identity and known hazards of chemicals available for vaping. However, there isn’t enough information available about the inhalation toxicity of these chemicals to conclusively assess their health risks | NICNAS, Australia

HHS Announces Guide for Appropriate Tapering or Discontinuation of Long-Term Opioid Use

Today, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services published a new Guide for Clinicians on the Appropriate Dosage Reduction or Discontinuation of Long-Term Opioid Analgesics - PDF. Individual patients, as well as the health of the public, benefit when opioids are prescribed only when the benefit of using opioids outweighs the risks |, USA

Substance Abuse Hits Home for Close to Half of Americans

Close to half of U.S. adults, 46%, have dealt with substance abuse problems in their family: 18% have had just alcohol problems and 10% have had just drug problems, while 18% have experienced both | Gallup, USA

Modelling the impact of alcohol duty policies since 2012 in England & Scotland

Changes in UK alcohol duty since 2012 have led to increased levels of alcohol consumption, greater levels of alcohol-related ill health, prematuremortality,higher rates of alcohol-related crime and workplace absence than if the alcohol duty escalator had remained in place until 2015 as originally planned | University of Sheffield, UK

Trends report: Drink Driving (PDF)

Approximately 1.3 million people die and up to a further 50 million are injured on the world’s roads every year [5]. Road safety is a shared responsibility, and government, civil society, and the private sector must all play a role in reducing these deaths and injuries | IARD, UK

Smoking and poverty 2019 (PDF)

Most adults who smoke want to stop. 1 Smoking often begins in childhood, as a result of environmental determinants, with people only realising how hard it is to quit after becoming addicted. 2 More than two thirds of those who try smoking go on to become regular smokers, developing an expensive and often lifelong addiction causing disease, disability and premature death | ASH, UK

Drugs policy: First Report of Session 2019–20

Every drug death is avoidable. However, the United Kingdom, and in particular Scotland, have amongst the highest drug death rates in Europe. The evidence we have heard leads us to conclude that UK drugs policy is failing | House of Commons Health and Social Care Committee, UK

Prevention in focus: PCCs making a difference (PDF)

Addressing the root causes of crime - helping the vulnerable, children and young people move away from the risk factors that can lead to crime or victimisation | APCCS, UK

Opioid Epidemic Cost the U.S. Economy at Least $631 Billion Over Four Years: Society of Actuaries’ Analysis

The opioid epidemic cost the U.S. economy at least $631 billion from 2015 to 2018, according to a Society of Actuaries’ (SOA) analysis of non-medical opioid use during this timeframe | SOA, USA

Alcohol and Cancer Risks A Guide for Health Professionals (PDF)

Drinking alcohol is an established risk factor for several malignancies, and it is a potentially modifiable risk factor for cancer. This guide updates previous guidance from SHAAP to summarise for health professionals the links between alcohol consumption and cancers, so that they can use opportunities in their work to intervene to reduce the risks | SHAAP, UK

Regional Differences in the Drugs Most Frequently Involved in Drug Overdose Deaths: United States, 2017 (PDF)

This report describes regional differences in the specific drugs most frequently involved in drug overdose deaths in the United States in 2017 | CDC, USA

Burden of tobacco use in Australia: Australian Burden of Disease Study 2015

This report quantifies the health burden that tobacco use places on Australia. Tobacco use contributes to health burden more than any other risk factor and was responsible for 9.3% of the total burden of disease in Australia in 2015. The report highlights that health inequalities exist, with lower socioeconomic groups and more remote areas generally experiencing higher rates of disease burden due to tobacco use | AIHW, Australia

Beyond Methadone: Improving health and empowering patients in opioid treatment programs (PDF)

Hepatitis C, Overdose Prevention, Syringe Exchange, Buprenorphine & Other Opportunities to Make Programs Work For Patients | Urban Justice, Vocal, USA

Do You Know What’s in Your Cannabis? Almost Two-Thirds Don’t…

Cannabis has long been the most popular illegal drug in the UK, and most other countries around the world. So, it might not surprise you to read that almost a third of people in the UK have tried Cannabis in their lives. But, how many of you actually know what’s in your Cannabis? | Canex, UK

Working together to challenge stigma and save lives

Faces and voices of recovery Scotland started to organise and mobilise those affected by the soaring amount of drug deaths in Scotland during August 2019. Over 60 volunteers have since been mobilised and three gatherings organised. This report has been produced as a result of those gatherings | FAVOR, UK







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