Reports: February

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Bloodborne viruses: Eye of the needle

'Eye of the needle' is a report on healthcare workers' occupational exposures to bloodborne viruses such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV | PHE, UK

E-cigarette use or vaping: reporting suspected adverse reactions, including lung injury

Be vigilant for any suspected adverse reactions associated with use of e-cigarettes or vaping (including lung injury) and report them to the MHRA via the Yellow Card Scheme. In this article we provide UK case definitions of e-cigarette or vaping associated lung injury (EVALI) to facilitate identification | MHRA, UK

Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (PDF)

Incidence of regular smoking and drinking has decreased dramatically from 2002 to 2018, with only very few young people reporting that they had smoked (3%) or drank alcohol (7%) at least 3 times during the last 30 days. Around one quarter of 15 year olds said that they had been drunk twice or more during their life. One fifth (21%) of 15 year olds said that they had ever tried cannabis, which is a substantial decrease since 2002 (41%) | HBSC, UK

'Stand up and tell me your story' - Press release 03 Feb 2020 (PDF)

SHAAP’s recommendations for engaging people with alcohol and drugs lived and living experience | SHAAP, UK

2020 National Drug Control Strategy (PDF)

Today [3rd February], the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy is pleased to release the President’s National Drug Control Strategy and the accompanying National Treatment Plan | White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, USA

Statistics on Alcohol, England 2020

This publication provides a range of information relating to alcohol use and misuse drawn from a variety of sources for England unless otherwise stated. Topics covered include: alcohol-related hospital admissions; alcohol-specific deaths; prescriptions for drugs used to treat alcohol dependence; drinking behaviours among adults and children; road casualties involving illegal alcohol levels and affordability of alcohol | NHS Digital, UK

Local Alcohol Profiles for England: February 2020 data update

Update of Indicators in the Local Alcohol Profiles for England (LAPE) interactive tool | PHE, UK

Gender Matters

Following Hard Edges (2015), we began a process to explore how disadvantages might cluster differently in the lives of women. This included consultation with women facing multiple disadvantage about the experiences most relevant to them | Lankelly Chase, UK

Roadmap to a Smokefree 2030 (PDF)

The UK Government has announced that its ambition is for England to be smokefree by 2030 | Smokefree Action, UK

Challenges for a world where drugs are legally regulated: a consultation report from St Georges House and Transform Drug Policy Foundation

One of the striking things about working in drug policy is the realisation that almost no-one thinks the current system is working. Rather like climate change, most people with more than a passing interest agree things are badly wrong | Transform, UK

Development and first validation of the Refined Alcohol Expectancy Task (RAET)

Addressing limitations of existing self-report measures of alcohol-related thoughts and behaviours, researchers have begun to measure these pictographically. To date, however, these novel measures have been developed somewhat unsystematically... This report therefore documents the development of a Refined Alcohol Expectancy Task through (1) selection (2) development and (3) testing of stimuli for inclusion of this pictograph-based tasks. It also provides initial validation data | Alcohol Change UK, UK

Hepatitis C in the East Midlands: annual reports

The aim of these reports is to describe the epidemiology of hepatitis C in the East Midlands. The reports provide updates on trends, areas of high burden of disease and at risk population groups and identify opportunities for interventions to reduce disease burden | PHE, UK

Drug-related hospital emergency presentations in Europe: update from the Euro-DEN Plus expert network

This report presents the latest findings on drug-related hospital emergencies from a network of sentinel hospitals across Europe. Almost 24 000 emergency presentations were recorded at 32 sentinel hospitals over the first 4 years of the project. The data reveal that the substances most commonly involved in acute drug toxicity presentations include heroin, cocaine and cannabis. Prescription medicines are frequently reported. The report also sheds light on other aspects of drug-related emergencies such as clinical features, geographical variation, outcomes, demographics and time patterns | EMCDDA, Portugal

Reported road casualties in Great Britain, provisional estimates involving illegal alcohol levels: 2018

Provisional estimates on personal injury drink drive accidents in Great Britain for 2018 | Department for Transport, UK

Who pays the tab? The distributional effects of UK alcohol taxes

Alcohol duty does not disproportionately burden worse-off households, according to new research from the Institute of Alcohol Studies (IAS). The analysis shows alcohol taxes account for a similar share of the incomes and budgets of rich and poor households alike, and at worst are only mildly regressive | IAS, UK

What has happened since - NordAN 2020 report

The Nordic Alcohol and Drug Policy Network (NordAN) has launched a new report on alcohol and drug policy developments in Nordic and Baltic countries. Some of the cases the report takes a look at is: The changes in Lithuania`s alcohol policy, The liberation of Finland’s alcohol, The Norwegian Governments Oil Fund`s investments in companies related to marijuana production and taxation cuts on alcohol in Latvia and Estonia | Eurocare, Belgium

Training in Addiction Psychiatry: Current Status and Future Prospects

This report looks into addictions psychiatry provision and how we can support and reinvigorate the decreasing number of training posts across the UK | RCPSYCH, UK

Standardised Packaging for Tobacco Products in England - Evidence of Policy Impact from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project

Twice as many smokers notice the health warnings on cigarette packs before they notice the branding since the introduction of the plain packaging law in the United Kingdom. In addition, three times as many smokers find the packaging less appealing. The findings are published in a new British Heart Foundation-funded report released by the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Policy Evaluation Project (PDF), which summarises research findings from King’s College London and the University of Waterloo | ITC, UK

PCCs making a difference: Alcohol and drugs in focus (PDF)

‘Alcohol and Drugs In Focus’ demonstrates how Police and Crime Commissioners are working with partner organisations to prevent crime and to break the cycle of reoffending by addressing underlying problems such as alcohol and drug dependency | APCCS, UK

Online now: 2019 Illicit Drug Reporting System and Ecstasy and Related Drugs Reporting System state reports

The IDRS and EDRS are annual surveys conducted via interview with sentinel samples of people who regularly inject drugs and people who regularly use ecstasy, respectively | NDARC, Australia

New report shows deaths related to GHB could have been prevented

GHB has gained popularity as an illicit recreational drug. A total of 74 GHB (Gamma hydroxybutyrate)-related deaths identified between 2000-2019 have been examined in a new report by the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) at UNSW Sydney. The report calls for better awareness of GHB overdose as simple measures can avoid loss of life | NDARC, Australia

Britons turn to alcohol to beat loneliness

More than one in ten (12%) Britons who experience loneliness are drinking to cope, according to a Turning Point/YouGov poll. The survey of more than 2,000 British adults reveals the issue is greater in the North (21%) than the South (10%), with the North West (26%) the most affected region in Britain | Turning Point, UK

Footprints Survey Report 2020 - Residential Registered Care Services

Every two years at Phoenix we ask the people who use our services the questions other people probably haven’t asked them. People who access services, particularly for substance use issues are asked a lot of questions. But our Footprints survey asks the questions that give us an understanding of the life lived before a person comes to us | Phoenix Futures, UK

Programming document 2020-22

The Programming Document 2020-22 translates the long-term priorities defined by the EMCDDA Strategy 2025 into short-term operational priorities. The year 2020 marks the end of the first strategic roadmap and the beginning of the second one (towards 2025) and is a time for mid-term assessment and reflection on the way ahead | EMCDDA, Portugal

What is driving serious violence: drugs “The marketplace is more volatile and violent than it has ever been” (PDF)

This is the second in a series of reports investigating the drivers of serious violence in England and Wales in recent years. Building on the first publication, this report seeks to examine the role of drug markets as a driver, and draws on a range of existing (largely published) data and literature, as well as new research carried out for this report, including a ‘deep dive’ in an inner London borough and semi-structured interviews with law enforcement and policing experts across the country | Crest Advisory, UK

Framework for Response to the Use of Illicit Substances within Higher Education Based on the Report of the Rapid Response Group (RRG) on Use of Illicit Substances within Higher Education (PDF)

In order to reduce the number of students who decide to use drugs and reduce the harm experienced by those students who have chosen to use drugs, HEIs are recommended to undertake the following four core actions... | Department of Education and Skills, Ireland

The Special Commission of Inquiry into the Drug ‘Ice’

The Commissioner has made 109 recommendations in relation to a number of issues across Government including greater coordination of alcohol and other drug policy; decriminalisation; reframing substance use as a health issue; a greater investment in treatment, diversion and workforce initiatives; education and prevention programs; better data, reporting and research; a clear focus on priority populations... | DPC NSW Government, Australia

INCB Annual Report 2019

The INCB Annual Report, prepared in accordance with the international drug control treaties, examines the global drug control situation, and makes recommendations to Governments and regional and international organizations | INCB, Austria

Medical Cannabis Access Programme

On 26th June 2019, the Minister for Health signed legislation to allow for the operation of the Medical Cannabis Access Programme on a pilot basis for five years. The Programme will facilitate access to cannabis-based products for medical use in line with legislation and with the clinical guidance for the scheme | Gov.ie, Ireland