Reports: June

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Global Drug Survey - Covid 19 special (PDF)

The Global Drug Survey (GDS) Special Edition on Covid-19 was developed as part of a global effort to better understand the impact of the pandemic on people’s lives with a specific focus on the use of alcohol and other drugs, mental health and relationships. In this report we highlight the most noteworthy preliminary findings halfway through data collection. A complete report based on all data collected until June 20, 2020 follows in July | GDS, UK

Altered States: Cannabis regulation in the US

Cannabis is now legal for adult non-medical use in 11 US states, but the details of how this works in practice are not widely understood. In this report, we explore how regulation compares across the states that have legalised and consider what lessons can be learnt for drug policy reform in future – especially how it can deliver better outcomes for public health and social justice | Transform, UK

Prevalence of problem drug use in Scotland: 2015/16 Estimates

This release by Public Health Scotland (PHS) provides a follow-up to previously published estimates of the prevalence of Problem Drug Use (PDU) in Scotland between April 2015 and March 2016. The original definition was limited to opioids and benzodiazepines. Using data collected for the original study, broader definitions of PDU have been constructed for Scotland based on the addition of substances such as cocaine (including crack cocaine), amphetamines (including amphetamine-type substances) and cannabis (including synthetic cannabinoids) | PHS, UK

‘Hidden in Plain Sight’ – A Youth Work Response to Gangs and Exploitation during COVID-19

Headline statistics show a fall in gang-activity and exploitation. However a new report from the National Youth Agency (NYA) shows that gangs have adapted to COVID-19, changing locations and grooming new recruits – hidden in plain sight of those in authority | NYA, UK

EMCDDA technical report on the new psychoactive substance N,Ndiethyl- 2-[[4-(1-methylethoxy)phenyl]methyl]-5-nitro-1Hbenzimidazole- 1-ethanamine (isotonitazene)

The purpose of this technical report is to provide an analysis of the available information on N,N-diethyl-2-[[4-(1-methylethoxy)phenyl]methyl]-5-nitro-1H-benzimidazole-1-ethanamine (commonly known as isotonitazene), an opioid analgesic that has recently emerged on the drug market in Europe, to support a risk assessment of the substance that has been requested by the European Commission in accordance with Article 5c of Regulation (EC) No 1920/2006 (as amended) | EMCDDA, Portugal

Methamphetamine, the Respiratory System and COVID-19 [report]

Summarizes what is currently known about the health risks associated with using methamphetamine during the COVID-19 pandemic. Topics covered include the effects of methamphetamine on heart and lung health, its potential impact on the immune system and guidance for reducing harms | CCSA, Canada

Impact of Recreational Cannabis Legalization in Michigan: A Baseline Report

The report will enable the examination of trends in the use of cannabis for medical and recreational purposes, criminal justice cases, and effects including motor vehicle crashes and emergency department visits | Injury Prevention Center, USA

Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the situation of human rights in the Philippines (PDF)

The present report is submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 41/2, which requested the High Commissioner for Human Rights to prepare a comprehensive written report on the situation of human rights in the Philippines and to present it at its forty-fourth session | Human Rights Council, USA

Inequalities in victimisation: alcohol, violence, and anti-social behaviour

The links between alcohol and violence, as well as alcohol and anti-social behaviour (ASB), are widely recognised. Less is understood about how experiences of alcohol-related violence and alcohol-related ASB are distributed across different socioeconomic groups. This study used data from the Crime Survey for England and Wales from 2013/14-2017/18 to analyse this distribution | IAS, UK

Alcohol labelling policies: most countries lagging behind in promoting healthier choices

According to a new report, labelling of alcoholic beverages is not consistent or even considered in many countries in the WHO European Region. The new Health Evidence Network (HEN) synthesis report on alcohol labelling across the Region is the first systematic study that covers the different ways countries label alcoholic beverages and sets out policy options for authorities to consider | WHO, Denmark

Spotlight on adolescent health and well-being. Findings from the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey in Europe and Canada. International report. Summary

Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC), a WHO collaborative cross-national study, has provided information about the health, well-being, social environment and health behaviour of 11-, 13- and 15-year-old boys and girls for over 30 years. The 2017/2018 survey report presents data from over  220 000 young people in 45 countries and regions in Europe and Canada | WHO, Denmark

Report on the extent, nature, and consequences of children and young people’s exposure to alcohol advertising and sponsorship

This report examines the available evidence on the nature and extent of alcohol advertising and sponsorship in Australia, and the impact of exposure to alcohol advertising and sponsorship on children and young people’s drinking attitudes and behaviour | Monash University, Australia

Capturing the Market: Cannabis regulation in Canada

Canada became the first G7 and G20 nation to regulate cannabis on 17th October 2018. In this report, we provide a comprehensive overview of cannabis regulation in Canada, analysing and comparing regulations in key areas and drawing out lessons for other countries going forward | Transform, UK

Statistical analysis of off-trade alcohol sales in the year following MUP published

Building on an earlier report on per adult off-trade sales, Public Health Scotland today published an analysis showing a decline in population alcohol consumption following the introduction of MUP | Public Health Scotland, UK

Report: Covid So Far, Lockdown and the Lost Children

In ordinary circumstances the effect of parental drinking can have a profound effect on their children’s mental and physical health. They are six times more likely to experience abuse and violence in the home and as the Covid-19 lockdown continues, and many of our vital public services closed, these troubled families and their children have been left to fend for themselves with many of their safety nets, like school, having been sharply withdrawn | NACOA, UK

Statistics on Alcohol

This note provides a summary of statistics on alcohol consumption among adults and children in England. Data on alcohol-related hospital admissions in England and alcohol-related deaths in England, the UK and worldwide is also shown | House of Commons Library, UK

Flexible responses during the Coronavirus crisis: Rapid evidence gathering (PDF)

The MEAM coalition has published new research examining the flexibilities that homelessness, substance misuse, mental health and criminal justice services have put in place to support people during the Covid-19 crisis, and how some of the positive aspects of these changes might be maintained in the future. [More information here] | MEAM, UK

Alcohol-attributable fractions for England: an update

This report sets out estimates of the relative risks of alcohol on disease, as well as alcohol-attributable fractions for England | PHE, UK

General Report of Activities 2019 – key achievements and governance: a year in review

The General Report of Activities is an annual publication providing a detailed progress report of the EMCDDA’s activities over a 12-month period. It catalogues the Centre’s achievements in each area of its annual work programme. The report is a useful information source for all those seeking comprehensive information on the Centre and its work | EMCDDA, Portugal

MESAS monitoring report 2020

The Monitoring and Evaluating Scotland's Alcohol Strategy (MESAS) monitoring report 2020 presents all the latest available data on key alcohol indicators in Scotland | Public Health Scotland, UK

Report from the Gambling Related Harm All Party Parliamentary Group- Online Gambling Harm Inquiry (PDF)

Over the past year, the Gambling Related Harm All Party Parliamentary Group (the APPG) has undertaken an inquiry into the online gambling industry. Our interim report was published in November 2019. This final report is based on evidence given in public inquiry sessions, closed inquiry sessions and on submissions from stakeholders ranging from people who have been harmed by online gambling to online gambling operators themselves | APPG, UK

Reopening Westminster’s hospitality sector (PDF)

This document sets out proposals for how Westminster can reopen its hospitality sector – the biggest and most vibrant in the country – following the COVID-19 crisis. We have listened to the views of business and residents in developing our thinking and will continue to do so. This document serves as a basis for discussions we will have with residents and stakeholders about what can work in their area over the coming weeks, ahead of the reopening of the hospitality sector in July | City of Westminster, UK

EMCDDA Trendspotter briefing: impact of COVID-19 on patterns of drug use and drug-related harms in Europe

Since the start of 2020, European countries have been experiencing an unprecedented public health threat with the emergence of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). In order to investigate the effects and implications of this pandemic for people who use drugs in Europe, the EMCDDA instigated a mixed-method trendspotter study to investigate the current situation. This briefing provides a snapshot of the state of play with respect to the impact of COVID-19 on drug consumption patterns and drug-related harms during the early stages of the pandemic | EMCDDA, Portugal

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia, 2018–19

In 2018–19, 1,283 publicly funded alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment services provided just under 220,000 treatment episodes to an estimated 137,000 clients. The four most common drugs that led clients to seek treatment for their own drug use were alcohol (36% of all treatment episodes), amphetamines (28%), cannabis (20%) and heroin (5%). Almost two-thirds (64%) of all clients receiving treatment were male, and the median age of clients was 34 years | AIHW, Australia

World Drug Report 2020

Presented in six separate booklets, the World Drug Report 2020 provides a wealth of information and analysis to support the international community in implementing operational recommendations on a number of commitments made by Member States, including the recommendations contained in the outcome document of the special session of the General Assembly on the world drug problem, held in 2016 | UNODC, Austria

"How could they do this to my child?” - Philippines: New report reveals deliberate killings of children during “war on drugs”

 A new report (PDF), published today, documents 122 killings of children, from 1 to 17 years old, throughout the Philippines, between July 2016 and December 2019. The report, titled “How could they do this to my child?”, jointly published by the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) and the Children’s Legal Rights and Development Center (CLRDC, Philippines), shows that the majority of the killings were carried out by police forces or affiliates | World Organisation Against Torture and the Children’s Legal Rights and Development Center | Switzerland and Philippines

Families in Lockdown: The effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on the family and friends of someone with an alcohol, drug or gambling problem (pdf)

In April, 241 people coping with a friend or family member’s alcohol, drug or gambling problem responded to an online survey by Adfam which sought to understand how some of their usual daily challenges associated with addiction- fear, domestic abuse, isolation, loneliness and mental stress – might be being further exacerbated by COVID-19 and the lockdown measures imposed from March 2020. The survey also asked family members and friends about what kind of support they would benefit from going forwards | Adfam, UK

National drug and alcohol treatment waiting times

This release by Public Health Scotland reports on the waiting times for people accessing drug and alcohol treatment services between January and March 2020. It contains information on the number of people seen for treatment, types of treatment accessed, and length of time waited | Public Health Scotland, UK

COVID-19 Survey Report 1: Health & Rights of People who Use Drugs in a COVID-19 Environment

The data presented is a brief overview and summary of initial data from the first 3 weeks of the online survey, collected between the 8th May - 31st May 2020across all six languages of the survey | INPUD, UK

Addiction Services in Northern Ireland

This report provides an overview of the scale of alcohol and drug addiction in Northern Ireland, the structures and systems in place within the health sector for tackling addiction, and the challenges faced by those accessing addiction services | Northern Ireland Audit Office, Ireland

Recorded Crime Q1 2020

The number of crime incidents recorded in the category Controlled drug offences rose by 3,003 (+15.7%) to 22,166 in the year to Q1 2020 compared with the previous year | CSO, Ireland

Alcohol pricing in the WHO European Region: update report on the evidence and recommended policy actions (2020)

This report summarizes the current evidence base for alcohol pricing policies and considers how this compares to current policies in place across the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region. Intended as a resource for governments and implementers, the report highlights challenges to effective pricing policies and provides recommendations for policy actions on alcohol pricing in the WHO European Region | WHO, Denmark