Reports: February

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Alcohol-specific deaths in the UK: registered in 2019

Deaths caused by diseases known to be a direct consequence of alcohol misuse by sex, age, region and deprivation | ONS, UK

Local Alcohol Profiles for England (LAPE): February 2021 update

Update of Indicators in the Local Alcohol Profiles for England (LAPE) interactive tool | PHE, UK

Alcohol-Specific Deaths 2009-2019

Alcohol-specific deaths in Northern Ireland, 2009-2019 | NISRA, UK

Dry January boosts zero alcohol beer as supermarket sales keep soaring

[Limited number of free articles per week] Strong sales growth for all the grocers is expected to fall in the coming months, says Kantar | Telegraph, UK

Open arms: the role of pubs in tackling loneliness

Pubs, and their publicans, are a key part of our community infrastructure alongside libraries, cafes, shops and community centres. Given their role we wanted to build our understanding of how pubs can use their place in our social life to tackle loneliness | Loughborough University, UK

Secondhand Smoke Exposure Among Nonsmoking Adults: United States, 2015–2018

During 2015–2018, 20.8% of nonsmoking U.S. adults aged 18 and over were exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) as measured by cotinine in the blood | CDC, USA

Europe’s Beating Cancer Plan Makes Alcohol Policy Key Element of Cancer Prevention

The European Commission has launched “Europe’s Beating Cancer Plan”. The ambitious plan aims to reduce the cancer burden in the European Union affecting patients, their families and health systems. It will address cancer related inequalities between and within EU Member States with actions to support, coordinate and complement Member States’ efforts | Movendi, Sweden

Nothing about us, without us (PDF)

Participation and involvement of drug users in health services and policy making | Correlation-European Harm Reduction Network, The Netherlands

10% of teenagers have tried hard drugs by age 17

The research, published today in a briefing paper by the Centre for Longitudinal Studies at the UCL Social Research Institute, examines engagement in substance use and antisocial behaviours among Generation Z as they reached late adolescence | UCL, UK

Police in the classroom Evaluation of a three-wave cluster-randomised controlled trial (PDF)

Can police officers build relationships and trust with students in schools? Using a clustered-block-randomised design and a three-wave panel with 13-15-year-old students from 81 schools across England and Wales, we test the impact of officers getting involved in school education, where they meet young people in their space, and present sessions designed to engage and encourage discussion | LSE, UK

Reported road casualties in Great Britain, provisional estimates involving illegal alcohol levels: 2019

Provisional estimates on personal injury drink drive accidents in Great Britain for 2019 | Department for Transport, UK

Balancing access to opioid substitution treatment (OST) with preventing the diversion of opioid substitution medications in Europe: challenges and implications

This report reviews how opioid substitution treatment (OST) is implemented in European countries and examines the public health consequences of the diversion and misuse of prescription OST medications. It looks at how OST medications are diverted to the illicit market, the motivations behind diversion and misuse, and considers the measures to prevent diversion and how they must ensure that the treatment remains available and accessible for those who need it | EMCDDA, Portugal

Through a gender lens: women and tobacco in the WHO European Region (2021)

This report provides a brief summary of some of the challenges, old and new, that women and girls face in the context of the tobacco epidemic in the WHO European Region, outlining the gendered nature of tobacco use and exposure and how the tobacco industry continues to target them through gendered messaging | WHO, Denmark

County Lines exploitation: applying All Our Health

This guide is part of ‘All Our Health’, a resource which helps health professionals prevent ill health and promote wellbeing as part of their everyday practice. The information below will help front-line health and care professionals use their trusted relationships with patients, families and communities to improve their mental health and wellbeing | PHE, UK

Learning from lockdown: support for people experiencing homelessness

There are few clearer measures of societal health than homelessness. On this count, and despite its enormous material wealth, England is in poor shape. Relative to the recent past, and any country we might want to compare ourselves to, we have a problem with homelessness | NHS Strategy Unit, UK

Single programming document 2021–2023

The new Single programming document sets out the EMCDDA’s activities for the period 2021–2023, marking the start of a new five-year roadmap under Strategy 2025. At the heart of the agency’s work in 2021 will be the development of a new business model, which places customers and digital transformation at its core | EMCDDA, Portugal

Survey results: Drugs, the law and you

Earlier this week we launched a short-term survey to hear your experience of the impact of UK drug legislation. It focused on the Misuse of Drugs Act (1971) and asked questions on health care, stigma and drug law reform. The results are available now | Crew, UK

New study questions whether pubs can effectively and consistently prevent COVID-19 transmission risks

A new first-of-its-kind study has questioned whether pub operators can effectively and consistently prevent COVID-19 transmission – after researchers observed risks arising in licensed premises last summer | University of Stirling, UK

Beyond behaviours: How health inequality theory can enhance our understanding of the ‘alcohol harm paradox

Read the event report for Jennifer Boyd's webinar: "Beyond behaviours: How health inequality theory can enhance our understanding of the ‘alcohol harm paradox’" | SHAAP, UK

Kinship carers during coronavirus (PDF)

More than half the kinship carers cited parental drug or alcohol misuse and four in ten kinship carers cited parental mental ill health as the main reasons why the children were unable to live with parents | Cross-party Parliamentary Taskforce on Kinship Care, UK

Studies of alcohol sales and consumption in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic published

Public Health Scotland today published findings from two studies commissioned to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic – and related restrictions – on alcohol consumption in Scotland during its first few months. Briefing paper here (PDF) | Public Health Scotland, UK

An analysis of drugs in used syringes from sentinel European cities: results from the ESCAPE project, 2018 and 2019

This report presents new findings from the ESCAPE (European Syringe Collection and Analysis Project Enterprise) network, based on the chemical analysis of the contents of used syringes across sentinel sites in Europe. Syringes were collected in 2018 and 2019 from the bins of street automatic injection-kit dispensers and at harm reduction services in eight European cities: Amsterdam, Budapest, Cologne, Helsinki, Lausanne, Oslo, Paris and Vilnius | EMCDDA, Portugal

European Syringe Collection and Analysis Enterprise (ESCAPE) – generic protocol

This protocol documents a new approach that has been developed to monitor substances injected by people who inject drugs through analytically confirmed data at the local level: the analysis of residual content of used syringes | EMCDDA, Portugal

Residential rehabilitation provision

A survey of residential rehabilitation services in Scotland shows that there are 418 beds available for the treatment of both drug and alcohol addiction | Scottish Government, UK

Close to home: Delivering a national Housing First programme in England

Housing First is an effective way of tackling and preventing rough sleeping for people whose homelessness is compounded by serious mental health issues, drug or alcohol dependency, or a history of trauma. Our report Close to Home makes the case for a national Housing First programme, and draws on recent learning to map out what this should entail | CJS, UK

Vaping in England: evidence update February 2021

Annual update of Public Health England’s e-cigarette evidence review by leading independent tobacco experts. This report covers vaping for smoking cessation | PHE, UK

Statistics on NHS Stop Smoking Services in England April 2020 to September 2020

58.2% of people successfully quit (self-reported) Of 81,280 people setting a quit date, 47,333 were successful | NHS Digital, UK

Homicide in England and Wales: year ending March 2020

[Includes a section on alcohol and drug-related homicides] Analyses of information held within the Home Office Homicide Index, which contains detailed record-level information about each homicide recorded by police in England and Wales | ONS, UK

JUSTICE launches timely report on racial disparities of children in the youth justice system

This Working Party of JUSTICE, which publishes its report Tackling Racial Injustice: Children and the Youth Justice System on 25 February 2021, seeks to examine the causes of BAME disproportionality in the Youth Justice System (YJS) of England and Wales | JUSTICE, UK

Drugs in the Time of COVID: Interim Report

Since the beginning of the first national coronavirus lockdown, Release has operated a public, online survey designed to monitor how people are buying their drugs. This interim report presents findings from the first 2,621 responses, received between the survey’s launch on the 9th April 2020 and the 17th September 2020 (inclusive); which captures drug purchases made in anticipation of and during the first national lockdown, as well as purchases made during the easing, and eventual lifting, of that first lockdown | Release, UK

Creating positive life opportunities: Why invest in residential services and pathways (PDF)

Residential Services for drug and alcohol treatment offer people who require multiple services a single service that responds to their needs in one comprehensive and coordinated treatment pathway. This report assesses their importance | Phoenix Futures, UK

Report 12 of the National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program

The twelfth report covers around 56 per cent of the population, which equates to about 13.2 million people. Fifty-six wastewater treatment plants across Australia participated in the August 2020 collection, which monitored the consumption of 13 substances. In October 2020, when only capital city sites were sampled, there were 21 sites covering approximately 48 per cent of the population | ACIC, Australia

Trends in cocaine and methamphetamine use, markets and harms in Australia

Novel analyses of various national data sources to understand current trends in cocaine and methamphetamine use, markets and harms.Australia has generally recorded high prevalence of cocaine and methamphetamine use relative to many other countries. Significant shifts in these markets in Australia in recent years have impacted use and harms | NDARC, Australia

COVID - 19 and people who use drugs: Essential interventions to save lives and protect people (PDF)

There are many people fighting the COVID-19 pandemic with all their might, but not all of them get much public attention. Among them are the frontline workers who continue to provide much-needed health services to people who use drugs. Every day, they stand up for a group of the most vulnerable people in society: people whose drug dependence often goes hand-inhand with social and health grievances, such as HIV infection, unemployment or homelessness | Correlation Network and Pompidou Group, The Netherlands and France