Reports: October

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“No One Believed Me”: A Global Overview of Women Facing the Death Penalty for Drug Offenses

In some countries, the overwhelming majority of women on death row were sentenced for capital drug offenses. This report examines how women’s gender shapes their pathways to drug offending and experiences in the criminal legal system, and how courts often ignore or disbelieve these gendered factors when imposing death sentences for drug offenses | Cornell Law School, USA

New Toolkit Offers Prosecutors Crucial Opportunities for a Less Punitive, More Effective Response to Drug Offenses and Related Policy Approach

As overdose deaths reach historic heights, global health organization Vital Strategies  and the Institute for Innovation in Prosecution at John Jay College of Criminal Justice (IIP) are launching a cutting edge toolkit, “A New Approach: A Prosecutor’s Guide to Advancing a Public Health Response to Drug Use” to transform how prosecutors respond to people who use drugs | Vital Strategies  and the Institute for Innovation in Prosecution, USA

History, science, and politics of international cannabis scheduling,2015–2021

This report reviews the scientific assessments of Cannabis-related controlled drugs and cannabidiol (CBD) by the WHO’s Expert Committee on Drug Dependence (ECDD) and subsequent political discussions at CND that culminated with the 2 December 2020 vote, changing the scheduling of “cannabis” and “cannabis resin” under the C61 | Research Gate, UK

Evaluation of the impact of alcohol minimum unit pricing (MUP) on crime and disorder, public safety and public nuisance

Minimum Unit Pricing (MUP) for alcohol came into effect in Scotland on 1 May 2018. This study looks at the impact of MUP on crime and disorder, public safety and public nuisance in Scotland | Public Health Scotland, UK

Evaluation of Prosecutorial Policy Reforms Eliminating Criminal Penalties for Drug Possession and Sex Work in Baltimore, Maryland (PDF)

This report presents findings from an evaluation of criminal legal policy reforms impacting vulnerable populations in Baltimore City. At the request of State’s Attorney Marilyn Mosby’s Office, researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health examined the potential impacts of the decision to cease prosecutions of drug and paraphernalia possession and of prostitution | Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA

Major changes in Australian drug use during 2021 says annual Drug Trends reports

The Drug Trends program at the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) at UNSW Sydney has released findings from annual surveys with hundreds of people who regularly use drugs in Australia | NDARC, Australia

Between Prohibition and Regulation: Narrative Analysis of Cannabis Policy Debate in Africa (PDF)

In Africa, there exist hegemonic narratives that emphasize prohibition, progressive narratives that support legal markets, and celebratory narratives that laud the economic benefits of legal markets but overlook potential negative impacts on smallscale farmers | GDPO, UK

Safer Drug Consumption Facilites - Evidence Paper

This paper highlights the evidence in support of Safer Drug Consumption Facilities | Scottish Government, UK

New Research on Canada’s Legalisation Experience

It is rare that governments pass laws that create entirely new public policy horizons, with accompanying challenges and opportunities. Canada’s decision to legalise cannabis for adult (non-medical) use in 2018 was one rare example. The Cannabis Act was the first time that a major industrialised country had chosen to create a legal, regulated market in what had been a prohibited drug for over ninety years | Public First, UK

WHO Urged to Embrace Tobacco Harm Reduction

The ninth Conference of the Parties (COP9) to the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) will operate under conditions of secrecy comparable to those of the U.N. Security Council, according to a new report by the Global State of Tobacco Harm Reduction (GSTHR) titled, Fighting the Last War: The WHO and International Tobacco Control | Tobacco Reporter, UK

Alcohol Monitoring Statistics: Ad Hoc statistical release (PDF)

This publication sets out statistics on the number of Alcohol Abstinence and Monitoring Requirement (AAMR) orders and the rate of compliance with those orders for the 6 months from April to September 2021 | MoJ, UK

Report 14 of the National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program

Report 14 of the National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program (the Program) covers around 56 per cent of the Australian population, which equates to about 13 million people. Fifty-six wastewater treatment plants across Australia participated in the April 2021 collection, which monitored the consumption of 12 substances | ACIC, Australia

Proposing a Harm Reduction Framework for Youth Drug Use in Nigeria: A Research Inspired Commentary

Drugs is a hotly debated subject that attracts the attention of policymakers, especially regarding the perceived effects drug use has on society. But, following scientific research and targeted campaigns, it is apparent that the ‘war on drugs’ rhetoric has lost its gloss... | GDPO, UK

Overlooked: Why we should be doing more to support families and friends affected by someone else's drinking, drug use or gambling

This report examines Adfam's latest research with YouGov on the prevalence of people currently negatively affected by the drinking, drug use or gambling of a family member or friend in 2021, and the different challenges and impacts these families currently face. The report's findings highlight the need for more recognition of the impacts on families and friends and it includes recommendations on how to better support this overlooked group | Adfam, UK