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Daily news - 1st July 2022

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UK news

Impact of public health team engagement in alcohol licensing on health and crime outcomes in England and Scotland: A comparative timeseries study between 2012 and 2019

Public health teams (PHTs) in England and Scotland engage to varying degrees in local alcohol licensing systems to try to reduce alcohol-related harms. No previous quantitative evidence is available on the effectiveness of this engagement. We aimed to quantify the effects of PHT engagement in alcohol licensing on selected health and crime outcomes | Lancet Regional Health, UK

Edinburgh council to consider trial of drug consumption room to tackle drug deaths

The city council is to investigate the feasibility of running an official trial of a drug consumption room in the Capital in a bid to cut deaths from overdoses | Edinburgh Evening News, UK

Electronic Cigarettes: Health Hazards

To ask Her Majesty's Government what research they are currently undertaking into the long-term health effects caused by smoking e-cigarettes and vapes | They work for you, UK

Electronic Cigarettes: Children

To ask Her Majesty's Government what estimate they have made of how many people in England under the age of 18 regularly use a vape or e-cigarette | They work for you, UK

Black parents back stop and search for drugs

[Possible paywall] Black and ethnic minority parents are more likely than white parents to back search powers for cracking down on cannabis, a new poll shows | Telegraph, UK

WDP launches newly refurbished site at New Beginnings in Brent

We are delighted to announce the launch of our newly refurbished Cobbold Road hub at our New Beginnings service in Brent. The refurbished site was unveiled to service users, local partners and stakeholders at today’s launch event where attendees also heard from MP for Brent Central, Dawn Butler | WDP, UK

Government to publish White Paper on gambling reform in coming weeks

Moves to stop gambling companies from shirt sponsorship were set to be rejected | Independent, UK

Rishton cannabis sweet factory: Trio charged with drug offences

Officers found a large amount of cannabis and cannabis-laced sweets during a raid at a property on High Street in Rishton, Lancashire in May | BBC, UK


International news

The right to health and the right to tobacco harm reduction

Discussions about human rights have long been underdeveloped in tobacco control. Human rights considerations were neglected in the development of the international treaty – the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). Any subsequent advancement of human rights issues has focused mainly on the justification for demand and supply control strategies, prioritising the obligations of states to protect people from both tobacco products and the tobacco industry. Human rights discourse in tobacco control has neglected to address the issue of the right to health and an individual’s freedom to take positive steps to protect their own health | GSTHR, UK

Nerve-cooling implant could offer pain relief alternative to opioids, say researchers

Device which can dissolve in the body represents an ‘engineering approach to treating pain’ | Guardian, UK

Germany seeks 'safety first' approach to legalizing cannabis

Germany is on the path to legalizing recreational marijuana use. Safety and public health will be top priorities in the upcoming legislation, the health minister has said | DW, Germany

Adolescents more vulnerable than adults to cannabis addiction, but not other mental health risks

Adolescents are over three times more vulnerable to developing a cannabis addiction than adults, but may not be at increased risk of other mental health problems related to the drug, finds a new study led by UCL and King's College London researchers | Medical Xpress, USA

E.U. Proposes Ban on Flavored Heated Tobacco Products

The European Union’s executive branch proposed Wednesday a ban on the sale of flavored heated tobacco products, including some vaping items, as part of its plan to fight cancer | TIME, USA

Fourth-generation vaping devices increase risk to immune cells

Not all electronic cigarette devices are created equal. Some fourth-generation models—such as Juul devices—are associated with unique changes in markers of immune responses inside our airways, according to a new paper from UNC School of Medicine researchers | Medical Xpress, USA

Comparison of Substance Use Disorder Diagnosis Rates From Electronic Health Record Data With Substance Use Disorder Prevalence Rates Reported in Surveys Across Sociodemographic Groups in the Veterans Health Administration

In a telephone-based survey study linked to electronic health record (EHR) data, diagnosis rates of alcohol use disorder (AUD), drug use disorder, and combined SUDs were compared with the prevalence rates of these disorders as reported in surveys. The survey-based prevalence rates of each disorder exceeded the diagnosis rates in every demographic subgroup, with varying disparity across groups; disparities in AUD and SUD diagnosis rates were largest among the youngest patients and Hispanic and Latinx patients | JAMA Network open, USA

Protests Urge NY Gov. to Roll Out Safe Consumption by Executive Action

On June 29, simultaneous protests in Manhattan and Albany urged New York Governor Kathy Hochul (D) to use her executive action powers to authorize safe consumption sites, also known as overdose prevention centers (OPC), statewide | Filter Magazine, USA

California advances bid to create legal drug injection sites

The California Assembly on Thursday approved a controversial bill allowing Los Angeles, Oakland and San Francisco to set up places where opioid users could legally inject drugs in supervised settings | Bellingham Herald, USA

Recent federal policy changes associated with expansion of buprenorphine prescribing with important rural-urban differences

New policies have been enacted to expand access to medication treatment for opioid use disorder. This study used administrative databases in California to measure the impact of 2 federal policies that increased the patient limit for physicians who are appropriately trained and permitted (“waivered”) to prescribe buprenorphine and allowed new types of healthcare professionals to become waivered to prescribe buprenorphine | Recovery Research Institute, USA

Alcohol brief intervention has a small but significant effect on 12-month drinking outcomes in an integrated healthcare system

Alcohol screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment, also known as SBIRT, is an evidence-based intervention when delivered in adult primary care settings to address unhealthy alcohol use. However, real-world evidence for this intervention and its different components is lacking. In this study, researchers examined the implementation of systematically delivering alcohol brief intervention in a large healthcare system among adults with unhealthy alcohol use | Recovery Research Institute, USA

Implementing drug checking as an illicit drug market intervention within the supply chain in a Canadian setting

[Open access] This research explored drug checking as a market intervention with a potential role in supporting a safer supply within the overdose crisis. We sought the perspectives of potential service users, including those who sell substances | DEPP, Canada

The Inclusion of Patients’ Reported Outcomes to Inform Treatment Effectiveness Measures in Opioid Use Disorder. A Systematic Review

[Open access] Patient centred care is needed now more than ever in the treatment of opioid use disorder. Trials, policy makers, and service providers have most often used treatment retention and opioid urine screens as measures of treatment effectiveness. However, patients receiving medication for opioid use disorder treatment (MOUD) may prioritise the use of different ways to assess treatment success | Patient Relat Outcome Meas., Canada

Alcohol Policy Advocacy Success: How Pregnancy Warnings Got on Alcohol Products

A study recently published in the journal Health Promotion International looks back on the alcohol policy advocacy success which got mandatory pregnancy warning labels on alcohol products in Australia and New Zealand | Movendi, Australia

Impacts of trading restrictions on alcohol-related violence in NSW

This webinar explored the effects of the NSW 'lockout laws' in displacing assaults to areas surrounding Kings Cross and the CBD | NDARC, Australia



Blogs, comment and opinion

Everything you wanted to know about minimum pricing, in one place

On the day that minimum unit pricing came into force in Scotland, First Minister Nicola Sturgeon claimed that “The eyes of the world will very much be on Scotland”. That was a slight exaggeration, but it is certainly true that there has been international interest in the policy, especially as Wales and the Republic of Ireland have followed suit | IAS blog, UK

The New Horizons research projects are underway

In 2020, we funded four research projects under our flagship New Horizons grant programme. In May, we brought together the researchers taking part in the programme to see how they are getting on | Alcohol Change UK, UK

Sir Colin Blakemore obituary

Neuroscientist, persuasive science communicator and advocate for rationality and openness | Guardian, UK

How a Policy of Abstinence Shaped Irish Drug Health Information Material in the 1980s And 1990s

Festival Season is upon us, and the Health Service Executive (HSE) in Ireland recently launched a new drug campaign targeted at festival-goers. The design and imagery of the Reduce the Harms at Festivals campaign takes a playful approach. Borrowing heavily from 1970s animation, the campaign features images of anthropomorphized objects and colourful cartoons... | Points blog, USA

The Recovery Alliance Initiative – Expansion and Clarification

In the first two posts of this series, I described the origin and then the early evolution of what we call the Recovery Alliance Initiative | Recovery Review blog, USA

The Road to Quitting Smoking Is Paved With Candy

Today, millions of Americans use flavors mimicking such sweet treats to remain smoke-free. Candy and candy flavors aren’t new to the efforts to help people stop smoking. A quick Google search provides links to many health groups recommending gum and candy to ward off the craving for a cigarette | Inside Sources, USA

Is our approach to drugs fit to deal with fentanyl?

Experts are concerned about our preparedness to cope with a fentanyl outbreak and say part of the problem is our drug law... | The Spinoff, New Zealand