Home | Archive | Weekly | Reports

Reports: February

Local Alcohol Profiles for England: short statistical commentary, February 2022

There were 318,595 alcohol-specific admissions in 2020 to 2021, a reduction in the rate to 587 (per 100,000 population) | OHID, UK

Alcohol related hospital statistics

This release by Public Health Scotland provides information on alcohol-related inpatient and day case activity within general acute and psychiatric hospitals in Scotland | Public Health Scotland, UK

Seizures of drugs in England and Wales, financial year ending 2021

Police forces and Border Force made a total of 223,106 drug seizures in England and Wales in year ending March 2021, a 21% increase compared with the previous year (183,646); this is the third consecutive annual increase in seizures, reversing a downward trend since year ending March 2012 | Home Office, UK

National Wound Care Guide: An introduction to recognising and assessing common wounds and injecting injuries in people who inject drugs (PDF)

This resource aims to help people working within harm reduction and injection equipment provision (IEP) services, and anyone who works with people who inject drugs, to assess injection sites and identify potential complications arising from injecting street drugs | SDF, UK

Shooting Up: infections and other injecting-related harms among people who inject drugs in the UK, 2020 An update December 2021

This report describes the extent of infections and injecting-related harms among people who inject drugs (PWID) in the United Kingdom.

Some key messages: 1) Data indicate people who inject drugs have been adversely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, with access to services severely limited. 2) Hepatitis C continues to be the most common infection among PWID in the UK. 3) Hepatitis B remains uncommon but vaccine uptake needs to be sustained, particularly in younger age groups and recent initiates to injecting where the uptake of vaccination is particularly low. 4) HIV infections and outbreaks continue to occur among PWID, although, HIV prevalence in this group remains comparatively low. 5) Cases of bacterial infections among PWID dropped in 2020, although this is thought to be due to limited hospital activity as a result of the pandemic. 6) The recent increase in the sharing and re-use of injecting equipment observed among PWID participating in bio-behavioural surveys is of concern. 7) Changes in psychoactive drug preferences could lead to riskier injecting practices, particularly the continued high levels of in injection of crack cocaine in England and Wales, and increase in injection of powdered cocaine in Scotland.  8) Rates of both fatal and non-fatal overdose are at an all-time high. This is in the context of improved availability of naloxone and increased self-reported carriage of take-home naloxone among PWID. | UKHSA, UK

Recreational drug use: what’s the harm?

In recent years, some in law enforcement and Government have associated recreational drug use, particularly among the middle classes, with increasing violence. This article looks at the Government’s plans to tackle the problem, responses to the proposals and Dame Carol Black’s recent independent review of drugs | House of Lords Library, UK

A third of smoking households in England are living in poverty with rates highest in the North

New analysis of national data commissioned by charity Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) finds that the proportion of smokers living in poverty is highest in the north and midlands | ASH, UK

State Toolkit to End the Nation’s Drug Overdose Epidemic: Leading-Edge Actions and Strategies to Remove Barriers to Evidence-based Patient Care (PDF)

The 2022 AMA-Manatt Toolkit builds on the 2020 roadmap by providing actionable resources that states can use to take specific actions in six policy areas: • Increase access to evidencebased treatments to help patients with a substance use disorder (SUD). • Ensure access to addiction medicine, psychiatry, and other trained physicians. • Enforce mental health and substance use disorder (SUD) parity laws. • Improve access to multidisciplinary, multimodal care for patients with pain. • Expand harm reduction efforts to reduce death and disease. • Improve monitoring and evaluation | AMA, USA

Commission on Combating Synthetic Opioid Trafficking: Final Report

This final report describes items involving the illegal manufacturing and trafficking of synthetic opioids, as well as the deficiencies in countering their production and distribution, and includes action items directed to appropriate executive branch agencies and congressional committees and leadership | RAND Corporation, UK

Sugar content in wine revealed: Health experts deem alcohol labelling ‘woefully inadequate’

Health experts are calling for better alcohol labelling as it is revealed that wine can contain anywhere between 0g and 59g of free sugars per bottle | AHA, UK

Alcohol sales and harm in Scotland during the COVID-19 pandemic

Public Health Scotland (PHS) has published an analysis of the latest available data on alcohol sales and harms in Scotland during the COVID-19 pandemic. This provides a picture of how the pandemic and its related restrictions may have impacted on alcohol sales, alcohol-related hospital stays and alcohol-specific deaths | Public Health Scotland, UK

MUP’s impact on alcohol consumption and behaviour of homeless and street drinkers

Findings show that the experience and understanding of MUP varied among this group. For some MUP worked as intended and discouraged from drinking, others however were unaffected, some switched drinks, and a minority experienced unintended consequences such as exacerbating a tendency to beg or steal to obtain alcohol | Public Health Scotland, UK

New report shows drug approach continuing to cause harm

A new report released by the NZ Drug Foundation today shows that too many people are suffering harm and our drug laws are often compounding the problem, not reducing it | NZDF, New Zealand

National drug and alcohol treatment waiting times: 1 July 2021 to 30 September 2021

Of the 7,818 referrals to community-based specialist drug and alcohol treatment services completed in this quarter, 93% involved a wait of three weeks or less | Public Health Scotland, UK

National drug and alcohol treatment waiting times: 1 April 2021 to 30 June 2021

Of the 8,314 referrals to community-based specialist drug and alcohol treatment services completed in this quarter, 96% involved a wait of three weeks or less | Public Health Scotland, UK

Global Burden of Disease Estimates of alcohol use and attributable burden in Ireland (PDF)

Alcohol places a significant health burden on Ireland. Understanding the extent of this burden is an important element in policy decisions around alcohol. Data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study indicates that previous measures of alcohol related deaths and illnesses are underestimates and that 5% of all deaths in Ireland in 2019 are attributable to alcohol | Alcohol Action Ireland; UCC School of Public Health, Ireland

Addressing the leading risk factors for ill health

A review of government policies tackling smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity and harmful alcohol use in England | The Health Foundation, UK

Number of rough sleepers reaches 8-year low

£800 million has been invested this year alone to tackle homelessness and rough sleeping, with £2 billion committed over the next 3 years. This includes providing 6,000 long-term homes through the £433 million Rough Sleeping Accommodation Programme and up to £52 million for rehab and detox services for people with drug or alcohol issues | Department for Levelling Up, Housing & Communities, UK

Big Tobacco, Big Avoidance: how subsidiaries can help the global tobacco industry avoid tax

Two new briefings based on research from the Investigative Desk for the University of Bath reveal the complex networks of subsidiaries that sit behind the financial accounts of two of the world's largest tobacco companies, Philip Morris International (PMI) and British American Tobacco (BAT) | University of Bath, UK

ASH Year 10 Snapshot Survey

The ASH Year 10 Snapshot surveys 20,000-30,000 students every year on their smoking and vaping behaviour and attitudes.  It uses robust and validated measures.  It is conducted to a high methodological standard that has been subject to peer review and ethics approval | ASH, New Zealand

Deaths related to volatile substances, helium and nitrogen in England and Wales: 2001 to 2020 registrations

Deaths related to volatile substances, helium and nitrogen in England and Wales registered between 2001 and 2020, by region, sex, age, substances involved and cause of death | ONS, UK

Drug-Related and drug-misuse deaths in Northern Ireland, 2020 (PDF)

This report presents statistics on Northern Ireland (NI) drug-related mortality in 2020. Figures are based on deaths registered in NI that are known to be drug-related or a direct consequence of drug misuse | NISRA, UK

National naloxone programme Scotland - Quarterly monitoring bulletin

During 2021/22 Quarter 2 (1 July 2021 to 30 September 2021) 7,219 Take-Home Naloxone (THN) kits were issued | Public Health Scotland, UK