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Reports: May

National naloxone programme Scotland: annual

This release by Public Health Scotland presents information on the number of take-home naloxone (THN) kits issued by the National Naloxone Programme in Scotland. 22,366 THN kits were issued in Scotland, an increase of 67% from 2019/20 (13,414). Around the time of the first national COVID-19 lockdown on 23 March 2020 there was a marked increase in the number of THN kits issued in Scotland, with 8,040 kits issued between April 2020 and June 2020 | Public Health Scotland, UK

Alcohol pricing 'has cost Scots drinkers £270 million' finds new research

On the four-year anniversary of MUP, new research from the Institute of Economic Affairs, authored by Christopher Snowdon, John C. Duffy and Mark Tovey, reveals the policy will cost Scottish consumers £270m – over three times what was predicted | IEA, UK

Tobacco use in prisons: a neglected public health issue

Among all psychoactive substances, tobacco is the most widely used by people living in prisons. Studies conducted in the WHO European Region countries show that tobacco use prevalence rates can be as high as 90% among men and 85% among women. At the same time, smoking is the least addressed health risk in prisons compared to other types of substance abuse. A new factsheet published by WHO/Europe shines a light on the pressing need to tackle this public health issue | WHO, Denmark

Impact of opioid regulatory reforms on people living with chronic pain (PDF)

A new Painaustralia report shows, since opioid regulations were tightened, 56.2 per cent of people with chronic pain have had their medication cut | Pain Australia, Australia

Reducing the harm from alcohol – by regulating cross-border alcohol marketing, advertising and promotion: a technical report

This comprehensive report details the full extent of the way that alcohol is being marketed across national borders – often by digital means – and often regardless of the social, economic or cultural environment in receiving countries. It highlights how increasingly sophisticated advertising and promotion techniques, including linking alcohol brands to sports and cultural activities, sponsorships and use of e-mails, SMS and social media, are being used to increase customer loyalty and gain new customers. It shows that young people and heavy drinkers are increasingly targeted by  alcohol advertising, often to the detriment of their health, and highlights the need for more effective national regulations and better international collaboration | WHO, Denmark

Monitoring Data Report 2021

More than one hundred organisations and individuals from 34 European countries have contributed to this Monitoring Report. Thanks go to our Focal Points and associated experts at the national and local levels who have filled in the online questionnaire and provided all information | Correlation - European Harm Reduction Network, The Netherlands

Drug misuse prevention review

Advice on preventing drug misuse among vulnerable groups of people, with a focus on understanding factors that contribute to vulnerability | ACMD, UK

Scottish drug misuse database

This release by Public Health Scotland presents the information available from the Scottish Drug Misuse Database (SDMD) on people presenting for initial assessment at specialist drug treatment services in 2020/21. Information from the full first year of the COVID-19 pandemic are presented and the impact of this is discussed in more detail within the full report | Public Health Scotland, UK

In plain sight?: a rapid review of the international literature and a national estimate of the prevalence of women who use substances and experience domestic violence in Ireland

According to the World Health Organization, violence against women is a major public health problem as well as a violation of women's human rights. This research aimed to understand the unique needs, internationally, of women who experience both substance use and domestic violence and to provide the first estimate of the hidden prevalence nationally in Ireland, based on figures from 2020 | SOAL Project, Ireland

SDF Publish Report on the Experiences of Those Who Have Provided Emergency Help to Someone Experiencing an Overdose

Providing emergency help to someone having an overdose: your experiences is based on the survey responses of 285 people who have provided emergency help. This included support workers, healthcare professionals, emergency services workers, family members, and members of the public | SDF, UK

IAS Annual Report 2021/2022

Report showcasing the work of the Institute of Alcohol Studies over the last year | IAS, UK

New explorer tool offers access to over 20 years of ESPAD data

Today, the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) is launching a new data explorer tool, allowing access to over 20 years of ESPAD data on substance use among 15-16-year-old students. ESPAD is the largest cross-national research project on adolescent substance use in the world, bringing together independent research teams in over 40 European countries. Developed by the National Research Council of Italy (CNR), the new tool holds data collected between 1995 and 2019 | EMCDDA, Portugal

Second Report – Alcohol use and harm during COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has proven to be a catalyst for turbulence in Australia. Uncertainty has confronted the Australian population through waves of social isolation as a result of Government restrictions which raised concerns for health, mental wellbeing, and financial stability | FARE, Australia

Trends in Overdose and Other Drug-Induced Deaths in Australia, 1997-2020

This report presents findings on all drug-induced deaths (i.e., overdose and other drug-induced deaths where drugs have been deemed the underlying cause of death) in Australia from 1997 to 2020 | NDARC, Australia

The Drug Use in Higher Education in Ireland (DUHEI) survey 2021: main findings (PDF)

The overall aim of the DUHEI Survey was to determine the prevalence and correlates of drug use among the student population in the Republic of Ireland, to inform future policy and practice in the area. The survey population included undergraduate and postgraduate students aged 18 years and over in publicly funded HEIs | University College Cork, Ireland

Residential rehabilitation: literature review

This paper forms part of a wider suite of research exploring residential rehabilitation across Scotland. It reviews the existing evidence from the Scottish, wider UK and international literatures pertaining to various aspects of residential rehabilitation as well as identifying research gaps | Scottish Government, UK