Daily news - 10th April 2019

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UK news

DDN April issue

Our cover story examines the thought that recovery doesn’t happen in a vacuum but can thrive with community support. How often do we focus solely on the individual? The inclusive cities model looks at the great potential of harnessing the power of communities. It also examines the difficulties of negative community influence – the barriers created by exclusion and stigma. Also with this month’s issue, you’ll find Routes to Recovery, our latest residential rehab guide | DDN, UK

Cocaine injecting and homelessness 'behind Glasgow HIV rise'

The Glasgow city centre outbreak is the UK's largest in more than 30 years | BBC, UK [See also: Re-emergence of HIV related to injecting drug use despite a comprehensive harm reduction environment: a cross-sectional analysis | Lancet, UK]

Smoking cessation for people with severe mental illness (SCIMITAR+): a pragmatic randomised controlled trial

[Open access] People with severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia are three times more likely to smoke than the wider population, contributing to widening health inequalities. Smoking remains the largest modifiable risk factor for this health inequality, but people with severe mental illness have not historically engaged with smoking cessation services | Lancet, UK [See also: New intervention doubles quit rate among smokers with severe mental illness | University of York, UK]

A changing landscape: stop smoking services and tobacco control in England (PDF)

[From March 15th] This report presents the findings of the fifth annual survey of tobacco control leads in local authorities in England | Cancer Research UK and ASH, UK

Hepatitis C infections could be prevented by reducing transmission in people who inject drugs

Stepping up efforts to prevent transmission of hepatitis C among people who inject drugs, could reduce future infections by 43 per cent globally, according to a study by researchers at the University of Bristol published in the Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology today | Medical Xpress, UK

Briefing paper by ADVANCE in response to proposals for UK domestic violence bill

ADVANCE is a 60-month programme with 5 workstreams to describe the role of substance use in intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration by men in substance use treatment and develop and test a perpetrator programme for this group | KCL, UK

Access to Medical Cannabis

To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care if he will make a statement on the return of medical cannabis that was seized from Emma Appleby at Southend airport on Saturday 6 April and which is needed to treat her very ill daughter Teagan’s extreme epilepsy, and to take steps to make sure that medical cannabis is available for prescription around this great country | They work for you, UK

Is cannabis more harmful to your health than tobacco or alcohol?

Despite years of debate and argument, cannabis still doesn’t fall into the same bracket as alcohol and tobacco when it comes to the law | Yahoo, UK

Kent girl Teagan Appleby may have medicinal cannabis returned

A woman caught trying to bring medical cannabis into the UK to treat her daughter, who has severe epilepsy, may get the drugs back from the Border Force, the health secretary has said | BBC, UK

'Two-tier system' as NHS patients miss out on medical cannabis

Tight NHS restrictions mean private patients have better access to drugs, experts say | Guardian, UK

Podcast: Which talking therapies work for people who use drugs and also have alcohol problems?

The Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group studies interventions to help people who have problems with alcohol or who use illicit drugs. In December 2018, these came together in an updated review on psychosocial interventions for people who use drugs and also have alcohol problems. Jan Klimas, from the British Columbia Centre on Substance Use in Vancouver, Canada tells us about the latest evidence in this podcast | Cochrane, UK

'Base jumping' Macallan whisky advert banned

A whisky advert featuring a man leaping off a cliff has been banned for promoting "risky behaviour" | BBC, UK

Richard Peto on why smoking kills but quitting saves lives - audio

When Sir Richard Peto began work with the late Richard Doll fifty years ago, the UK had the worst death rates from smoking in the world. Smoking was the cause of more than half of all premature deaths of British men. The fact that this country now boasts the biggest decrease in tobacco-linked mortality is in no doubt partly due to Doll and Peto's thirty year collaboration | BBC, UK

May 2019 – Current Issue

A quick summary of the main discovery for each research paper in this issue | Addiction, UK

West Lothian Council to random drug test staff

The council's Partnership and Resources Policy Development and Scrutiny Panel heard the plan was to introduce random tests for "safety critical" roles | BBC, UK

Jake Pope: Sale Sharks banned for six months after failing second drugs test

Pope, 21, becomes the first player to be found guilty of twice breaching the Rugby Football Union's illicit drugs policy | BBC, UK


International news

IDPC alert

Latest IDPC newsellter inclusing a round up of  62nd session of the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs which took place from 14 to 22 March | IDPC, UK

UK drug firm linked patients to careless opioid prescribers, indictment says

Indivior accused of false claims about Suboxone Film’s safety in scheme to push opioid-based drug | Guardian, UK

New study reveals why drinking alcohol leads to the munchies

If you've ever wondered why you immediately start experiencing food cravings after a night out, there may be a scientific reason for it | Independent, UK

'Toxic deals': concerns for children over NRL and AFL clubs' alcohol advertising

Only Melbourne Storm and Western Bulldogs don’t accept money from drinks industry, report finds | Guardian, UK

Brazil replaces far-right education minister with conspiracy theorist

President Jair Bolsonaro’s replacement for Ricardo Vélez has blamed communists for introducing crack | Guardian, UK

Taking steps to engage with black and minority ethnic communities and their organisations on issues related to problematic drug use

CityWide has published research on structures and processes to engage with Black and minority ethnic communities on issues of problematic drug use. This report addresses steps that can be taken by policy-makers, service providers, drugs task forces and Black and minority ethnic community organisations in response | CityWide, Ireland

EUSPR 2019 Call for Nominations

The European Society for Prevention Research (EUSPR) promotes the development of prevention science, and its application to practice so as to promote human health and well-being through high quality research, evidence based interventions, policies and practices. Nominations are now open for the elections to the 2019 – 2022 EUSPR Board positions | EUSPR, Spain

Combining opioids and marijuana may be advantageous for pain sufferers

Study suggests using the two drugs together could reduce risk of dependency without causing cognitive problems | Science Daily, USA

Many nurse practitioners cannot provide medications to treat opioid addiction

At least six states with high opioid abuse rates also have strong work restrictions that hinder nurse practitioners (NPs) in prescribing medication that can help treat the problem, according to a study by researchers at UC San Francisco | Medical Xpress, USA

Study: Medication treatment reduces arrests among people with opioid use disorder

When it comes to addressing the national opioid crisis, most of the research has focused on the physical health risks faced by people with opioid use disorder, such as overdose and infectious disease. For the first time, a University of Massachusetts Amherst public health scientist studied the impact of treating opioid use disorder on the risk for arrest and incarceration, comparing the effects of two different medications approved for the condition | EurekAlert, USA

High response seen for all Hep C Tx models in injection drug users

For people with hepatitis C virus (HCV) who inject drugs (PWID) and receive opioid agonist therapy (OAT), receipt of HCV treatment is associated with high sustained virologic response (SVR), according to a study published online April 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine | Medical Xpress, USA

Graphic cigarette warning labels can deter some sales

Placing graphic anti-smoking warning labels on cigarette packages may deter some adults from purchasing tobacco products, but the strategy is unlikely to influence those smokers who are most addicted to nicotine, according to a new RAND Corporation study | Medical Xpress, USA

Nicotine concentration in JUUL e-cigarette products is dangerously high, finds study

Little is known about the potential health effects of JUUL e-cigarette products that have recently risen in popularity, especially among adolescents. The Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, has a growing concern about this uptick in their use because these electronic cigarettes deliver nicotine... | News Medical, USA

Flavorless Future for Vaping?

Flavored e-cig bans are being considered. Meanwhile, c-store sales of electronic smoking devices rose 163% to $2.8 billion in 2018 | Convenience Store Decisions, USA

Senators' scathing letter to Juul demands answers about tactics targeting youth, ties to Big Tobacco

Leading e-cigarette company Juul Labs is under the microscope again, with 11 senators demanding answers from the company at the center of the youth vaping "epidemic" whose business practices have been shrouded in "immense secrecy," the senators said in a letter to Juul on Monday | CNN, USA

AFL and NRL ladder of alcohol advertising addiction

A study launched today highlights the extent that foreign multinationals leverage the popularity of the AFL and NRL to market their alcohol brands to kids | FARE, Australia

Vaping very low among young teens and no gateway

New research shows record few Year 10 students in New Zealand are smoking, while vaping by 14 and 15-year olds remains equally low and is falling | Scoop, New Zealand


Blogs, comment and opinion

Using digital to remove barriers to support

Only a small number of people who need drug and alcohol services access them. How can we change the way we provide support so we can help more people? | Addaction blog, UK

The UK’s drug policy is falling behind the rest of the world

Every year, thousands of people die as a result of drug misuse in the UK. And for over two decades, heroin has been the main culprit | City AM, UK

Why alcohol?

Phil Cain, an alcohol-specialist journalist, shares what got him interested | Alcohol Change UK blog, UK

They Still Call It An “Opioid Epidemic.” Why’s That?

The Cleveland Plain Dealer recently reported that, while overdose deaths have come down slightly over the past year in the Cleveland metropolitan region, a new killer has emerged on the scene: cocaine mixed with fentanyl | CATO Institute blog, USA